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Variation of Local Friction Factor in an Open Channel Flow


  • Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology Rourkela - 769008, Odisha, India


Objectives: This present paper investigated experimentally on the variation of local friction factor over the cross section in channels of different geometries. The dependency of the variation of friction factor with aspect ratio has been well compared with the results of other researchers and natural river data. Methods/Analysis: Experiments have been conducted on trapezoidal and rectangular open channel for different geometry, hydraulic and roughness conditions. The local friction factors along every vertical interface have been carried out. The actual prediction of boundary shear stress and depth averaged velocity distribution have been calculated by finding the changes of these indispensible parameters, from wide range of data collected from previous literatures. Also the experimental depth averaged velocity and boundary shear stress have been carried out for assessing the friction factor. Findings: The global friction factor fg and local friction factors fl were calculated based on the measured depth-averaged velocity and boundary shear stress. The local friction factor does not remain constant across the channel as it depends upon the geometry and roughness parameter. The paper describes the variation of friction factor for both smooth and rough channels under different flow condition. Local boundary shear stress around the wetted perimeter τb, and depth averaged velocity, Ud, data are used to evaluate local friction factor, fl. Applications/Improvement: Local friction factor variation analysis is a very rare factor that few researchers are taken into consideration. But it has a more importance for flow characteristics which is studied in this paper.


Boundary Shear Stress, Depth Averaged Velocity, Eddy Viscosity, Local Friction Factor.

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