Total views : 76
A Quantitative Morphometric Analysis of Barhar River Watershed of Mahoba district, U.P., India using Remote Sensing and GIS
Objectives: The quantitative morphometric analysis is found to be vital study in understanding hydrological aspects and its interaction with the environment of any watershed system. The main objective of the study is to calculate the morphometric parameters of the Barhar river watershed. Methods/Statistical Analysis: The study area lies between 79° 32′ E to 79° 37′ E longitude and 25° 22′ N to 25° 30′ 30′′ N latitude covering an area of about 48.75 km2 belonging to Bundelkhand region. The drainage of the region has been prepared using Survey of India (SOI) toposheet (No.54O/11), Landsat TM and Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of the area. Remote Sensing (RS), Geographical Information System (GIS) and Global Positioning System (GPS) have been used in the study as efficient tools in our various modern geographical and geological studies. Findings: Barhar river watershed belonging to the northern part of Mahoba district is a hard rock terrain consisting mostly granite and granitoids. Rivers flowing in such terrains are mostly found to follow the fractures and lineaments. The watershed is of forth order drainage having drainage density and stream frequency of 2.281 and 2.481 respectively. The watershed shows elongated in nature. The method applied to the river basin gave a recent calculation of the morphometric parameters of the region. Application/Improvements: The drainage morphometric analysis is important in selection of water recharge sites, watershed modelling and groundwater prospect mapping. The study would provide an important information collection regarding future watershed prospects of the area.
Barhar, GIS, Groundwater, Landsat TM, Morphometry, Remote Sensing
- Strahler AN. Quantitative geomorphology of drainage basin and channel networks. Chow VT, editor. Handbook of applied hydrology. New York, McGraw Hill Book; 1964. p.4–76.
- Horton RE. Erosional development of streams and their drainage basins: Hydrophysical approach to quantitative morphology. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America.1945; 5:275–370. Crossref
- Schumm SA. Evolution of drainage system and slope in badlands of Perth Amboy, New Jersey. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America. 1956; 67:597–46. Crossref
- Strahler AN. Quantitative analysis of watershed geomorphology.Transactions, American Geophysical Union. 1957; 38:913–20. Crossref
- Horton RE. Drainage basin characteristics. Transactions, American Geophysical Union. 1932; 13:350–61. Crossref
- Miller VC. A quantitative geomorphic study of drainage basin characteristic in the clinch, Mountain area, Verdinia and Tennesser, Project NR 389-042, Technical Report 3 Columbia University, Department of Geology, ONR, Geography Branch, New York; 1953.
- Singh S, Dubey A. Geo environmental planning of watersheds in India. Allahabad, India. Chugh Publications; 1994.p. 28–69.
- Strahler AN. Dimensional analysis applied to fluvially eroded landforms. Geological Society of America Bulletin.1958; 69:279–300. Crossref
- Verstappen H. Th. Applied geomorphology-geomorphological surveys for environmental development. New York, Elsevier; 1983. p. 57–83.
- Chorley RJ, Donald EGM, Pogorzelski HA. A new standard for estimating drainage basin shape. American Journal of Science. 1957; 255:138–41. Crossref
- Smith KG. Standards for grading texture of erosional topography.American Journal of Science. 1950; 248:655–68.Crossref
- Chottopadhyay N, Hasmi S. The sung valley alkaline ultramafic carbonalite complex, East Khasi Hills and Jaintia Hills district, Meghalaya. G.S.I. Record. 1984; 113(4):24–33.
- Agarwal CS. Study of drainage pattern through aerial data in Naugarh area of Varanasi district, U.P. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing. 1998; 26:169–75. Crossref
- Rudraiah M, Govindaiah S, Vittala SS. Morphometry using remote sensing and GIS techniques in the sub-basins of Kagna River basin, Gulburga District, Karnataka. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing. 2008; 36:351–60.
- Mayilvaganan MK, Mohana P, Naidu KB. Delineating groundwater potential zones in Thurinjapuram watershed using geospatial techniques. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2011 Nov; 4(11):1470–6.
- Gupta DS, Dwivedi L, Tripathi SK, Ghosh P, Awasthi A.Groundwater potential mapping of Sihu river watershed area of Mahoba district, U.P. using remote sensing and GIS. International Journal of Applied Research. 2015; 1(10):241–8.
- Dwivedi L, Gupta DS, Tripathi S. Groundwater potential mapping of Ukmeh river watershed area of Upper Vindhyan region using remote sensing and GIS. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016 Sept; 9(36):1–7. Crossref
- SK Nag. Morphometric analysis using remote sensing techniques in the chaka sub-basin, Purulia district, West Bengal. Journal of Indian Society of Remote Sensing. 1998; 26(1–2):69–76.
- Patel RS, Gupta DS, Tiwari SK, Dwivedi SB. Morphometric aspects of a small river system of Mirzapur district, Uttar Pradesh, India: A case study of Barhi river system. International journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development.2016 Mar; 3(3):250–5.
- Singh S, Singh MC. Morphomertric analysis of Kanhar river basin. National Geographical Journal of India. 1997; 43(1):31–43.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.