Total views : 8

Preparation and Characterization of Hypercrosslinked Poly (HEMA-co-EGDMA-co-VBC)


  • Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300, Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300, Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia


Objectives: The aims of this paper was to produce hydroxyl hypercrosslinked polymers with high specific surface area derived from poly(HEMA-co-EGDMA-co-VBC) precursor beads. Methods: This was achieved using hyper crosslinking reaction and the beads were characterized by FTIR, SEM and BET analysis. Findings: The BET analysis showed that specific surface area increasing from ~5 m2/g to 310 m2/g when amount of VBC increased up to 90 wt%. However, when amount of EGDMA increasing from 40 wt% to 100 wt%, specific surface area decreasing from 310 m2/g to ~61 m2/g. SEM images also showed that when increasing EGDMA content, hypercrosslinked polymer still can retain precursor shape with satisfied quality. The catalyst ratio was varied between 1:1 to 3:1 mole ratio (based on -CH2Cl content) and from the results obtained, there are no significant effect on specific surface area and morphology of hypercrosslinked polymer when ratio of catalyst increased. From FTIR spectra, reduction peak at 1265 cm-1 resulted from methylene bridges formed in all experiments proved that hypercrosslinking reaction was successfully carried out. Application/Improvement: Hypercrosslinked polymer will be used in functionalization reaction to produce quaternary ammonium resin.


Hypercrosslinked Hydrophilic Polymer, Hypercrosslinking Reaction, Morphology Hypercrosslinked Polymer Specific Surface Area.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 10)


  • Davankov VA, Ilyin MM, Tsyurupa MP, Timofeeva GI, Dubrovina LV. From a dissolved polystyrene coil to an intramolecularlyhyper-cross-linked "nanosponge". Macromolecules. 1996; 29(26):8398–403. ma951673i
  • Fontanals N, Cortés J, Galià M, Marcé RM, Cormack PAG, Borrull F, Sherrington DC. Synthesis of Davankov-type hypercrosslinked resins using different isomer compositions of vinylbenzyl chloride monomer, and application in the solid-phase extraction of polar compounds. Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry. 2005; 43(8):1718–28.
  • Veverka P, Jeřábek K.Mechanism of hypercrosslinking of chloromethylated styrene–divinylbenzene copolymers. Reactive and Functional Polymers. 1999; 41(1-3):21–5.
  • Fontanals N, Galià M, Cormack PAG, Marcé RM, Sherrington DC, Borrull F. Evaluation of a new hypercrosslinked polymer as a sorbent for solid-phase extraction of polar compounds. Journal of Chromatography A. 2005; 1075(1):51–6.
  • Fontanals N, Cormack PA, Sherrington DC. Hypercrosslinked polymer microspheres with weak anion-exchange character: Preparation of the microspheres and their applications in pH-tuneable, selective extractions of analytes from complex environmental samples. Journal of Chromatography A. 2008; 1215(1):21–9.
  • Patsias J, Papadopoulou-Mourkidou E. Development of an automated on-line solid-phase extraction–high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the analysis of aniline, phenol, caffeine and various selected substituted aniline and phenol compounds in aqueous matrices. Journal of Chromatography A. 2000; 904(2):171–88.
  • Wissiack R, Rosenberg E, Grasserbauer M. Comparison of different sorbent materials for on-line solid-phase extraction with liquid chromatography–atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry of phenols. Journal of Chromatography A. 2000; 896(1-2):159–70.
  • Kesenci K, Tuncel A, Pişkin E. Swellable ethylene glycol dimethacrylatehydroxyethylmethacrylate copolymer beads. Reactive and Functional Polymers. 1996; 31(2):137–47.
  • Fontanals N, Miralles N, Abdullah N, Davies A, Gilart N. Cormack PAG. Evaluation of strong cation-exchange polymers for the determination of drugs by solid-phase extraction– liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A. 2014; 1343:55–62. https://
  • Ahn JH, Jang JE, Oh CG, Ihm SK, Cortez J, Sherrington DC. Rapid generation and control of microporosity, bimodal pore size distribution, and surface area in Davankovtype hyper-cross-linked resins. Macromolecules. 2006; 39(2):627–32.
  • Macintyre FS, Sherrington DC, Tetley L. Synthesis of ultrahigh surface area monodisperse porous polymer nanospheres. Macromolecules. 2006; 39(16):5381–4.
  • Bratkowska D, Fontanals N, Borrull F, Cormack PAG, Sherrington DC, Marcé RM. Hydrophilic hypercrosslinked polymeric sorbents for the solid-phase extraction of polar contaminants from water. Journal of Chromatography A. 2010; 1217(19):3238–43.
  • Fontanals N, Marcé RM, Cormack PAG, Sherrington DC, Borrull F. Monodisperse, hypercrosslinked polymer microspheres as tailor-made sorbents for highly efficient solid-phase extractions of polar pollutants from water samples. Journal of Chromatography A. 2008; 1191(1):118–24.
  • Lee SM, Choi WJ, Hwang K, Kim JH, Lee JY. Effect of catalyst concentration and reaction time on one-step synthesized hypercrosslinked polyxylene. Macromolecular Research. 2014; 22(5):481–6. s13233-014-2065-2


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.