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Dynamic Detection of PPG(Photo Plethysmography) Signals Using Mems Self Designed Sensors

Affiliations

  • Department of ECE, KL University, Vaddeswaram, Guntur – 522502, Andhra Pradesh, India

Abstract


Objectives: To design Micro Electro Mechanical System (MEMS) based sensor with novel design considerations to detect/ identify PhotoPlethysmography(PPG) signals when the person is in dynamic mode. To simulate the above design using COMSOL Multiphysics and evaluate the results with the existing methodologies. Methods/Statistical Analysis: A MEMS based sensor with a four T-shaped cantilever with middle load hanged structure is designed in COMSOL Multiphysics and after attaining the required resonant frequency of PPG, by using capacitive actuation technique the acquired mechanical signals are evaluated and digitised. Findings: PPG sensors optically recognize changes in tidal volume of blood (i.e., changes in the force of light perceived) in the vascular bed of little scale tissue by reflection from or transmission through the tissue. If the person is in static mode it is very easy to detect blood flow rate. If suppose the person is not in rest, i.e., may be dynamic we will observe many variations in blood flow rate. So it is very difficult to estimate the blood flow rate. This Patch type device easily measures the blood flow rate. Application/Improvements: Mainly these type of devices are useful to detect variations in blood flow rate in human whether in static condition or in dynamic condition. In future we are planning to develop implantable sensors with reporting system to doctor in particular intervals of time. This may be helpful to doctors to cater the needs of human society at right time whenever it is needed

Keywords

Capacitive Actuation, Dynamic, Implantable, MEMS, PPG, Static.

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