Total views : 2123
A Comparative Study on the Microbiological and Chemical Composition of Cow Milk from Different Locations in Madurai, Tamil Nadu
Sixty samples of raw cow milk were collected from four different locations in Madurai for their microbiological and chemical compositions analysis. The average levels of major chemical components were: fat (6.14%), crude protein (3.77%), lactose (4.25%), total solids (18.10%) and ash (0.80%). Microbiological enumeration revealed for the counts of total mesophilic aerobic bacteria, 5.84 log cfu/ml; bacterial endospores, 2.37 log cfu/ml; lactic acid bacteria, 4.46 log cfu/ml; coliforms, 2.76 log cfu/ml; Escherichia coli, 1.63 log cfu/ml and Staphylococcus aureus, 1.92 log cfu/ml. Listeria spp. were below detection level in all of the samples. The microbiological quality of raw cow milk was judged marginal and indicates the need for improved hygienic standards.
Cow Milk, Chemical Composition, Microbiological Quality, Safety
- Adesiyun AA, Webb L and Rahman S (1995) Microbiological quality of raw cow milk at collection centers in Trinidad, J. Food Production. 58 (4), 448.
- Amerjit SN and Toshihiko N (2003) Role of buffalo the socioeconomic development of rural Asia: Current status and future prospects. Animal Sci. J. 74, 443-445.
- Boycheva S, Dimitrov T, Tsankova M and Llier T (2002) Investigation on microflora of buffalo milk. Bugarian J. Agri. Sci. 8, 279-282.
- Desmasures N, Bazin F and Gueguen M (1997) Microbiological composition of raw milk farms in the camembert region of Normandy. J. Appl. Microbiol. 88, 53-58.
- FAO (2004) Available from http://www.fao.org/docrep/006/J2518e/J2518e 12.htm
- Fook YC, Aminah A and Mohd KA (2004) Bacteriological quality and safety of raw milk in Malaysia, Food Microbiol. 21, 535-541.
- Fundora O, Gonzalez ME, Lezcano O, Montejo A, Pompa N and Enriauezo AV (2001) A comparative study of milk composition and stability of Murrah river buffaloes and Holstein cows grazing star grass. Cuba J. Agri. Sci. 35, 219-222.
- Gilchrist JE, Cambell JE, Donelly CB, Peeler JT and Delany JM (1973) Spiral plate method for bacterial determination. Appl. Microbiol. 25(2), 244-252.
- Grappin R, Dasen A and Favennec P (1985) Numeration automatiquie et rapide des bacterias du lait cru d l’aide. Bacto-Scan. Lait. 65 (649-650), 123-147.
- Han BZ, Sesenna B, Beumer RR and Nout MJR (2005) Behaviour of Staphylococcus aureus during sufu production at laboratory scale. Food Control. 16, 243-247.
- Han G and Ding QB (1994) A physiochemical study on buffalo milk in China. J. South China Agri. Univ., 15(4), 92-97 (in Chinese).
- Headrick ML, Korangy S, Bean NH, Angulo FJ, Altekruse SF, Potter ME and Klontz KC (1998) The epidemiology of raw milk associated food borne disease out breaks reported in the United States, 1973 through 1992. American J. Public Health. 88 (8), 1219-1221.
- Headrick, M. L., Korangy, S., Bean, N. H., Angulo, F. J., Altekruse, S. F., Potter, M. E., and Klontz, K. C., (1998). The epidemiology of raw milk associated food borne disease out breaks reported in the United States, 1973 through 1992. American Journal of Public Health, 88 (8), 1219-1221.
- Houghtby GA, Marturin LJ, Koenig EK and Messer JW (1992) Microbiological count methods. In standered methods for the examination of dairy products er. R.T mardhall, 16th edn. Pp213-246. APHA: Washington
- IDF standard 100B (1991) Liquid milk enumeration of microorganism’s colony count techniques at 30oC.
- Jarvis B, Lach VH and Wood JM (1997) Evaluation of spiral plate maker for enumeration of microorganisms in foods. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 43, 149- 157.
- Landmark-Mansson H, Fonden R and Petterson HE (2003) Composition of Swedish dairy milk. Intnl. Dairy J. 13, 409-425.
- Najdenova N and Dimitrov T (2003) Technological qualities of buffalo milk from the Bulgarian murrah breed for production of Bulgarian yoghurt. J. Animal Sci. 40 (5), 33-35.
- Richter RL, Ledford RA, Murphy SC (1992) Milk and milk products. In Vanderzant, C., Splittstoessor, D. F. (Eds.). Compendium of methods for the microbiological examination of foods, 3rd edition. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, pp:837-838.
- Ryser ET (1998) Public health concerns. In Marth, E, H., Steele, J. L., (Eds.), Appl. Dairy Microbiol. Marcel decker, inc., New York, pp: 263-403.
- Steele ML, Mcnab WB, Poppe C, Graffiths MW, Chen S, Degrandis SA, Fruhner LC, Larkin CA, Lynch JA and Odumeru JA (1997) Survey of Ontario bulk tank milk for food borne pathogens. J. Food Prot. 60 (11) 1341-1346.
- Suman CL, Sexena MM, Pandey HS, Dubey PC, Rajendra S and Sanyal MK (1998) Some factors affecting milk constituents yield of Murrah buffalo. Indian Vet. J., 75(2), 176-177.
- Supino MT, Gallo M, Capo G, Morena. C, Durnate G and Galiero G (2004) Buffalo milk produced in the province of salerno: Evaluation of sanitary and product parameters Bubalus bubalis. CAB Abs.10, 22-26.
- Te giffel MC (2003) Good hygienic practice in milk processing. In g. Smit (Edn.), Dairy processing, improving quality (pp, 68-80) boca ration: CRC press.
- Thompson DI (1960) A plate maker loop method for determine viable counts of raw milk. Journal of Milk and Food Technology. 23, 167-171.
- TNCMPF- Tamil Nadu Cooperative Milk Products Federation (2000), Final Report, South India.
- Wright EO, Reinhold GW, Burmeister L and Mellon J (1970) Prediction of standered plate loop count manufacturing grade raw milk from the plate loop count. J. Milk Food Technol. 33, 168-170.
- Zhang CX, Yang BX, Tan T and Zhuge Y (2004) Sustainable development of Chinese bufflo milk industry. China Dairy Industry. 11, 11-15. (In Chinese).
- Zhou W (1998) High quality raw milk production, China Dairy Industry. 26 (1), 31-33 (In Chinese).
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.