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A Geo-Information System for Optimum Municipal Solid Waste Management (A Case Study of Kanchipuram Municipality, Tamil Nadu, India)

Affiliations

  • Department of Civil Engineering, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Chennai - 603203, Tamil Nadu,, India
  • Department of Civil Engineering, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Chennai - 603203, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Soil and Water Management Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University ,Thanjavur - 641003, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract


Objectives: The municipal solid waste management is a challenging task for local authorities. To manage this, a study was conducted in Kanchipuram municipality, Tamil Nadu, India. Methods/Statistical Analysis: Spatial database was prepared for the study area by using high-resolution satellite imagery. Non-spatial information like street name, road name, a nearby landmark, bin number and bin type were added in Geographical Information System (GIS). In this study modern technique like Global Positioning System (GPS), a communication system (GPRS and GSM), GIS and computer programming are integrated to assist the solid waste management. Findings: This integration may serve to overcome the conventional conflict in solid waste management within the municipal region. The proposed system consists multiple spatial information in the prepared digital database, like bin location (with reference to its latitude and longitude); ward details, onboard monitoring of bin strategy. Based on a study of smart bin usage in developed countries, new type smart bins with sensor arrangements are suggested. The solid waste strategy of each bin in each ward could be collected by monitoring authority through the GPRS and GSM technique which is fixed in the proposed bin. This developed system consists of the bin priority, strategy, and track location. This will serve for taking a decision by applying queries to the created database and also to enhance the solid waste management technique in Kanchipuram municipality. Application: This work proves incorporation of recent technique in municipal solid waste management will save both time and money.

Keywords

GIS, GPS, GSM, Sensors, Solid Waste Management.

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