• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 37, Pages: 1-8

Original Article

Application of Data Fusion and Sensor Head Algorithm for Data Extraction from Wireless Sensor Networks


Objectives: The primary objective of the paper is to propose an optimized data extraction technique to obtain data from the Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs)using ‘Sensor Head Algorithm’ and Data Fusion. Methods/Statistical Analysis: The proposed idea works in a three-layered architecture which includes the deployed sensors, the selected Sensor Head and the Static Data Sink. The Sensor Head Algorithm is used to select a sensor head that collects data from all sensors. The Data Fusion algorithm results in generation of unified data which is used to derive the output. Finally, the fused data is transmitted from the Sensor Head to the Static Data sink. Findings: A sample data was used to verify the working of the model using simulations. On the application of Sensor Head Algorithm, the sensors are assigned priorities on the basis of their residual energies. The sensor with highest residual energy becomes the Sensor Head. All the sensors transmit their data to the Sensor Head where the Data Fusion takes place later. Data Fusion initially removes redundancy in from the collected data making the processing simpler and saving the energy. The resultant data is then used to generate fused inference using Fuzzy Logic Controller (FLC). These inferences are recorded and later used to generate final output. The proposed idea ensures reduction of load on the system, simplifies the previously proposed methods, reduces latency in data collection and improves network lifetime. This data, finally transmitted to the static data sink, can be used for finding inferences or reaching a conclusion about the target area in the desired way. Application/Improvements: In the current paper, we have proposed an idea which we shall use to develop a fully functional model. Since, the proposed technique is concerned with data extraction, it can be applied to every situation where the Wireless Sensor Network is deployed. 
Keywords: Data Fusion, Fuzzy Logic Controller, Residual Energy, Sensor Head Algorithm, Static Data Sink, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs)


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