• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2018, Volume: 11, Issue: 22, Pages: 1-18

Original Article

Design of Empirical Propagation Models Supported in the Log-Normal Shadowing Model for the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz Bands under Indoor Environments


Objectives: The growing demand of Wireless connectivity supported in the 802.11 standard has caused a high demand of wireless networks by the users, due to the benefits of mobility and low-cost implementation. Such networks have been used in common places such as houses, offices, schools among others. The objective of this article is to propose an empiric propagation model, supported in the Log-Normal-Shadowing Path Loss model for 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz bands in Indoor environments, compatible with University campus building. Methods/Statistical Analysis: A scenario of a six-storey building on a university campus was proposed, with dimensions of 60 m long, 34 m wide and 24 m high. Additionally, such building has 24 Access Points (AP) distributed in such a way that allow network to serve connectivity to its students. In order to establish the expressions that describe the Log-Normal-Shadowing Path Loss propagation model, an experimental design of factorial mixed type was considered involving three factors: frequency band (2.4 GHz or 5 GHz), condition of the media (Free space or with obstacles) and the distance between the receiver and the AP. The experiment aims to assess how each factor influences on the Received Signal Strength Indicator RSSI. Topic Significance: The proposed model will be used to run analysis of radio propagation in indoor environments using institutional educational buildings and holding a capacity of carrying out prediction processes of RSSI, in the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz bands. Findings: Based on obtained results, it was possible to evidence that the established models allow predicting the behavior the reception power and signal damping, with a level of confidence of 95%. Additionally, it was possible to verify, in the 5 GHZ band, the damping levels are bigger that those in 2.4 GHz band. Such aspect holds great importance when it comes to perform design processes of Wireless networks. Applications/Improvements: In future research papers, it would be significantly important to establish the expression for outdoor environments, supported in the Shadowing Path model.

Keywords: Channels Allocation, Efficiency, Optimization, Performance, SINR, WLAN


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