• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2018, Volume: 11, Issue: 17, Pages: 1-17

Original Article

Evaluating the System Performance of a Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) Unit by Removing the Carbon Dioxide from Biogas


Objectives: This study aims to assess the performance of a Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) unit in removing the carbon dioxide from biogas by evaluating the breakthrough and adsorption capacity of the adsorption process as well as determining the effects of cyclic regeneration of the adsorbent. Methods: The PSA system was developed in order to establish the behavior of different gas separation experiments. It can be operated up to 10 bars pressure at ambient temperatures and gas flow rate from 0 to 15 L min-1. It is composed only of one main vessel made up of 316 stainless steel components. Use of physical adsorbent (Zeolite 13X) in a Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) system will consume the gaseous impurities such as CO2 . Product gas was collected into 1 L Tedlar bags and analyzed using SRI gas chromatograph with TCD and HID detector to validate the CO2 and CH4 composition. Findings: The results of the Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) experiments showed an average increase of 160% in the net heating value over that of a certified gas standard. The amount of methane was also significantly higher although the amount of the other gasses (i.e. nitrogen) remained comparatively the same. The number of other gases was significantly lower and no trace of carbon dioxide was observed in the PSA product gas indicating that carbon dioxide had been completely absorbed by the system. Application: This study helps to reduce CO2 emitted to the atmosphere from the anaerobic co-digestion of biogas to produce high energy content bio-methane fuel. 

Keywords: Adsorption, Biogas, Carbon Dioxide, Methane Gas, Pressure Swing Adsorption, Zeolite 13X


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