Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2011, Volume: 4, Issue: 8, Pages: 971-982
Kishore J. Patil*, Manojkumar Z. Chopda1 and Raghunath T. Mahajan1
Department of Microbiology, Bhusawal Arts, Science and P. O. Nahata Commerce College, Bhusawal, Maharashtra425201 India;
1Department of Zoology, Moolji Jaitha College, Jalgaon, Maharashtra 425001, India.
Industries prefer biocatalysts rather than chemical catalyst. Lipase a biocatalyst is a versatile enzyme that not only hydrolyzes the esters of long chain aliphatic acids form glycerol at oil or water interface but also involved in hydrolysis, transesterification, alcoholysis, and aminolysis. Lipases are widely distributed in microorganisms, plants and animals. Among them microbial lipases are preferred because of easily obtainable. Lipases are used in many fields like food, dairy, detergent, pharmaceutical, agrochemical and oleochemical industries. Based on the data compiled it reveals that the contribution of bacterial lipases is 45%, fungal 21%, animal 18%, plants 11% and algae 3%. This article provides information about comparative account of bacterial, fungal, plant and animal origin lipases along with their biochemical profiles. It also focuses on the need in search of algal lipases.
Keywords: Enzyme, lipase, microorganisms, plants and animals
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