Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 45, Pages: 1-7
Natasha Singla* , Vivek Pahwa and Gaurav Sapra
*Author for correspondence
Natasha Singla Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, UIET, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India; [email protected]
Objective: The phenomenon of Sub Synchronous Resonance (SSR) on series-compensated long transmission line with steam turbine generator results into adverse oscillations. Therefore, occurrence of SSR should be reduced to the lowest possible level. Method/Analysis: In this paper, the use of STATCOM and subsynchronous damping controller (SSDC) is proposed to alleviate SSR. The rotor speed deviation of generator is being captured and given to the STATCOM. The IEEE second benchmark model (IEEE SBM) on SSR is adopted to analyze and validate the proposed controller. For this, the controller is applied on STATCOM, which in turn is regulating the line. Findings: SSR generates due to the presence of frequency other than the nominal frequency in the system. By calculating frequency response and FFT analysis, the resonant frequency present in the system, is calculated. Then conventional STATCOM is applied, which shows that STATCOM with no auxiliary control is not capable of damping the SSR oscillations. But with auxiliary SSDC on same STATCOM, effectively mitigate the SSR. Novelty/Improvement: The SSR alleviation is done by conducting transient simulations using MATLAB environment on detailed three-phase model, which is non-linear in nature. Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) analysis is also performed to demonstrate the capability of proposed controller.
Keywords: Damping torque, FACTS, FFT, SSR, SSDC, STATCOM, Voltage Source Converter (VSC)
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