Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2015, Volume: 8, Issue: Supplementary 10, Pages: 1-8
Gennady Bannikov1,2, Kirill Koshkin1 , Tatyana Pavlova*1, Lyudmila Miller2 , Olga Vikhristiuk1 and Larisa Gayazova1
1 Center for Emergency Psychological Aid, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow - 127051, Russia
2 Suicidology Department of Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry, Federal Medical Research Center for Psychiatry and Narcology, The Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia; [email protected]
The article describes the results of analyzing the psychological intervention data for children who had experienced a variety of traumatic events: a hostage-taking (Beslan, Russia, 2004), military conflict (South Ossetia, 2008), accidents with fatal cases (Moscow, Russia, 2009-2014) (n =136). Three groups of children and adolescents who had experienced a traumatic event were singled out by the type of their response to the traumatic event, personality features and consequently, the strategies of crisis psychological assistance provided for them. In the structure of Acute Stress Disorder (ASD), three clinical groups with varying syndromes were identified. Clinical picture of the interviewed children and adolescents and the type of psychological intervention used allowed us to suggest the existence of three trauma response mechanisms: regressive, dissociative and introjective. Most adolescents who used regression as a response to the traumatic event showed a reduction of traumatic symptoms. The most unfavorable psychological condition was observed in patients who used dissociation as a response to the traumatic event. The singled out mechanisms of trauma can partially explain the variety of ASD and PTSD clinical forms.
Keywords: Crisis, Crisis Psychological Aid, Emergency Psychological Aid, Psychological Defense Mechanisms, Psychological Trauma
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