Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2018, Volume: 11, Issue: 35, Pages: 1-9
Katiuska Acosta-Marcano1 , Cateryna Aiello-Mazzarri2 , Katheryn Atencio-Acosta3 , Geomar Molina-Bolivar4 and Iris Jimenez-Pitre4
1 Facultad de Agronomia, Laboratorio de Microbiologia Agricola, Universidad del Zulia; [email protected]
2 Facultad de Ingenieria, Universidad del Zulia-Venezuela; [email protected]
3 Facultad de Ingenieria, Universidad “Rafael Urdaneta”; [email protected]
4 Group of Rechearch BIEMARC, Universidad de La Guajira; [email protected], [email protected]
*Author for correspondence
Facultad de Agronomia, Laboratorio de Microbiologia Agricola, Universidad del Zulia; [email protected]
Objective: To evaluate the toxic effects of metals on the crop Beans (Vigna unguiculata L. (Walp). Materials and Methods: assays of seed germination, elongation of the root, growth of hypocotyl and radicle in these plants as biomonitoring parameters varying concentrations of metals. The metals selected for this study were Cd and Pb. Findings: The seeds of V. unguiculata were sensitive to the presence of metals in comparison to the behavior of plants witnesses, showing all the biomarkers evaluated sensitivity to Cd and Pb however did not complete blockade of the germination and initial growth of seedlings, being the effect more dramatic by the presence of cadmium than with lead, observing a maximum values in the germination rate of 63 and 80%, respectively, in comparison with the control treatment, which were correlated with strongly to changes in morphology and anatomy of the seed. Application/Improvements: The Bean was able to survive and tolerate these polluting metals, so it could be used for the ecotoxicological monitoring of contaminated soils for future studies of phytoremediation.
Keywords: Heavy Metals, Seed Germination, Toxic Effects, Vigna unguiculata
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