• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 22, Pages: 1-12

Original Article

Robust Fuzzy C-Means Cluster Algorithm through Energy Minimization for Image Segmentation


Background: The Fuzzy c-means (FCMCA) cluster algorithm with spatial information is adopted for image segmentation. In the direction of acceptable segmentation concert on noisy images, the anticipated technique exemplifies the foreign spatial evidence derived from the image and also inherits appropriateness which correspondingly reflects on the universal fuzzy fitness and fuzzy isolation among the clusters. Methods: Segmentation combines two regions firstly, the physical dimension of the image and contextual data through energy reduction function. Secondly, since the kernel metric value is merged with fuzziness of the energy level, the dynamic delineation progresses is steadily deprived of the reinitialization progress for the level set process. Afterwards generating the bunch of non-conquered clarifications, the concluding clustering elucidation is preferred through Cluster Validity Index (CVI) by consuming the foreign spatial evidence. Additionally, the total number of clusters incorporates the actual oblique mutable string length scheme to encrypt the cluster groups in terms of grouped chromosomes spontaneously. Findings: This novel fuzzy and nonlinear type of energy functionality brands the modernizing of region group’s added strength against the noise and edge of the image. The projected method is undergone with image polluted through noise and likened with fuzzy c & k means, dual FCM cluster based approaches with predefined spatial data and dynamic string size is inherited by fuzzy clustering procedure. Applications/Improvements: The investigational outcome demonstrates that the anticipated technique performs thriving in developing the sum of clusters and procurement in acceptable performance on noise in image segmentation process.
Keywords: Chan–Vese Model, Cluster Validity Index (CVI), Foreign Spatial Evidence, Fuzzy c & k-means Clustering, Image Segmentation


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