Total views : 55

Nano Particle (Metallic Copper and Cadmium sulphide) Application: Photocatalytic Potentiality and Antimicrobial Effectivity


  • Department of Botany, Cytogenetics, Genetics and Plant breeding Section, Kalyani University, Kalyani, Nadia - 741235, West Bengal, India
  • Indian Council of Agricultural Research-National Institute of Biotic Stress Management, Baronda, Raipur - 493225, Chattisgarh, India


Objectives: Use of nanoparticles (Cu- and CdS-NPs) in mineralization of azo dyes (methyl red and malachite green) for waste water management and effectivity against serotypes of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella typhimurium. Methods: To study azo-dyes mineralization potentiality, dye-NPs reaction mixtures are analyzed using UV-vis near infra-red spectroscopy, HPLC and UPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS. Antimicrobial effectivity of NPs is studied following quantification of inhibition zone from disc diffusion assay. NPs mediated bacterial cell cycle inhibition is analyzed following flow cytometry. Findings: The proposed MG degradation pathways using Cu- and CdS- NPs are pioneering reports. Dye mineralization efficiency of Cu-NPs is found to be higher than CdS-NPs. On the basis of analysis of reaction intermediates (using HPLC, ESI-QTOF-MS), separate dye degradation pathways are proposed. Disc diffusion assay reveals antimicrobial effectivity of NPs for controlling human pathogenic bacteria. Flow cytometry can be used as efficient tool for ascertaining NPs mediated microbial growth inhibition. Application: Photocatalytic potentiality of the prepared NPs can be effectively used for removal of azo-dyes contaminants from waste water. NPs can also be effectively used against studied human pathogenic bacteria for drug designing.


Azo-dyes; Antimicrobial Potentiality, Cu- and CdS-NPs, FACs, Photocatalysis

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 51)


  • Roco MC. Broader societal issues of nanotechnology. Journal of Nanoparticle Research. 2003 Mar; 5(3-4):181–9.
  • Das D, Datta AK, Kumbhakar D, Ghosh B, Pramanik A, Gupta S. Conditional optimisation of wet chemical synthesis for pioneered ZnO nanostructures. Nanostructures and Nano-object. 2017 Jan; 9:26–30. Crossref.
  • Warrier P, Teja A. Effect of particle size on the thermal conductivity of nanofluids containing metallic nanoparticles.Nanoscale Research Letter. 2011 Mar; 6:247pp.
  • Cai J, Liu W, Li Z. One-pot self-assembly of Cu2O/RGO composite aerogel for aqueous photocatalysis. Applied Surface Science. 2015 Aug; 358:146-51.
  • Zou W, Zhang L, Liu L, Wang X, Sun J, Wu S, Deng Y, Tang C, Gao F, Dong L. Engineering the Cu2O-reduced graphene oxide interface to enhance photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants under visible light. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 2016 Aug; 181:495-503.
  • Faisal M, Tariq MA, Muneer M. Photocatalysed degradation of two selected dyes in UV irradiated aqueous suspensions of titania. Dyes Pigments. 2007 Oct; 72(2):233–9. Crossref.
  • Bornick H, Schmidt TC. Organic pollutants in the water cycle. Properties, occurrence, analysis and environmental relevance of polar compounds. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany. 2006; 181–208.
  • Bhadwal AS, Tripathi RM, Gupta RK, Kumar N, Singh RP, Shrivastav A. Biogenic synthesis and photocatalytic activity of CdS nanoparticles. RSC Advances. 2014 Dec; 4(19):9484–90. Crossref.
  • Comparelli R, Fanizza E, Curri ML, Cozzoli D, Mascolo G, Agostiano A. UV-induced photocatalytic degradation of azo dyes by organic-capped ZnO nanocrystals immobilized onto substrates. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 2005 Mar; 60(1-2):1–11. Crossref.
  • Amini M, Ashrafi M. Photocatalytic degradation of some organic dyes under solar light irradiation using TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles. Nanochemistry Research. 2016 Jul; 1(1):79–86.
  • Hajipour MJ, Fromm KM, Ashkarran AA, de Aberasturi DJ, de Larramendi IR, Rojo T, Serpooshan V, Parak WJ, Mahmoudi M. Antibacterial properties of nanoparticles.Trends in Biotechnology. 2012 Oct; 30(10):499–511.Crossref. PMid:22884769
  • Wang L, Hu C, Shao L. The antimicrobial activity of nanoparticles: present situation and prospects for the future. International Journal of Nanomedicine. 2017 Feb; 12:1227– 49. Crossref. PMid:28243086 PMCid:PMC5317269
  • Kumbhakar DV, Datta AK, Mandal A, Das D, Gupta S, Ghosh B, Halder S, Dey S. Effectivity of copper and cadmium sulphide nanoparticles in mitotic and meiotic cells of Nigella sativa L. (black cumin) – can nanoparticles act as mutagenic agents? Journal of Experimental Nanoscience.2016 Jan; 11(11):823–39. Crossref.
  • Chatterjee AK, Sarkar RK, Chattopadhyay AP, Aich P, Chakraborty R, Basu P. A simple robust method for synthesis of metallic copper nanoparticles of high antibacterial potency against E. coli. Nanotechnology. 2012 Feb; 23(8):085103. Crossref. PMid:22293320
  • Halder S, Mandal A, Das D, Datta AK, Chattopadhyay AP, Gupta S, Kumbhakar DV. Effective potentiality of synthesised CdS nanoparticles in inducing genetic variation on Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. BioNanoScience.2015 Jul; 5(3):171-80.
  • Tantak NP, Chaudhari S. Degradation of azo dyes by sequential Fenton's oxidation and aerobic biological treatment.Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2006 Aug; 136(3):698–705.Crossref. PMid:16488538
  • Nakaruk A, Kavei G, Sorrell CC. Synthesis of mixed-phase titania films by low-temperature ultrasonic spray pyrolysis.Materials Letters. 2010 Mar; 64(12):1365–8. Crossref.
  • Curri ML, Comparelli R; Cozzoli PD, Mascolo G, Agostiano A. Colloidal oxide nanoparticles for the photocatalytic degradation of organic dyes. Materials Science and Engineering: C. 2003 Jan; 23:285–9. Crossref.
  • Pelaez M, Nolan NT, Pillai SC, Seery MK, Falaras P, Kontos AG, Dunlop PSM, Hamilton JWJ, Byrne JA, OSheaf K, Entezari MH, Dionysiou DD. A review on the visible light active titanium dioxide photocatalysts for environmental applications. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 2012 Aug; 125:331–49. Crossref.
  • Cardoso LC Savedra RML, Silva MM, Ferreira GR, Bianchi RF, Siqueira MF. Effect of Blue Light on the Electronic and Structural Properties of Bilirubin Isomers: Insights into the Photoisomerization and Photooxidation Processes. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 2015 Aug; 119(34):9037– 42. PMid:26247544
  • Ramyadevi J, Jeyasubramanian K, Marikani A, Rajakumar G, Rahuman AA. Synthesis and antimicrobial activity of copper nanoparticles. Materials Letters. 2012 Mar; 71:114– 6. Crossref.
  • Wang S, Lawson R, Ray PC, Yu H. Toxic effects of gold nanoparticles on Salmonella typhimurium bacteria.Toxicology and Industrial Health. 2011 Jul; 27(6):547–54.Crossref. PMid:21415096 PMCid:PMC3766946
  • Shivashankarappa A, Sanjay KR. Study on Biological Synthesis of Cadmium Sulfide Nanoparticles by Bacillus licheniformis and its Antimicrobial Properties against Food Borne Pathogens. Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research. 2015 Jul; 3(1):6–15
  • .24. Hossain ST, Mukherjee SK. Toxicity of cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanoparticles against Escherichia coli and HeLa cells. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2013 Sep; 260:1073– 12. Crossref. PMid:23892173
  • Heinlaan M, Ivask A, Blinova I, Bubourguier H, Kahru A.Toxicity of nanosized and bulk ZnO, CuO and TiO2 to bacteria Vibrio fischeri and crustacean Daphnia magna and Thamnocephalus platyurus. Chemosphere. 2008 Apr; 71(7):1308–16. Crossref. PMid:18194809
  • Wei L, Tang J, Zhang Z, Chen Y, Zhou G, Xi T. Investigation of the cytotoxicity mechanism of silver nanoparticles in vitro. Biomedical Materials. 2010 Aug; 5(4):044103.Crossref. PMid:20683123
  • Park EJ, Yi J, Kim Y, Choi K, Park K. Silver nanoparticles induce cytotoxicity by a Trojan-horse type mechanism.Toxicology in Vitro. 2010 Apr; 24(3):872–8. Crossref. PMid:19969064


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.