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Influence of Ammonium based Compounds for Gas Hydrate Mitigation: A Short Review

Affiliations

  • Chemical Engineering Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 32610 Bandar Seri Iskandar, Perak Darul Ridzuan, Malaysia

Abstract


Objectives: In natural gas transmission pipelines hydrate formation is major flow assurance challenge. This communuication
presents as brief review focuses on the potentially applicable area of Ammonium based compounds (ACs) as gas hydrate
inhibition. Methods/Statistical Analysis: For avoiding gas hydrate formation, oil and gas industry spent millions of dollar
annually without any permanent solution. In most of the cases insertion of chemicals (inhibitor) established as the utmost
supreme route for gas hydrate mitigation. Quantary ammonium salts had widely been applied as commercial hydrate
inhibitors. Ammonium based Ionic Liquids (AILs) also recently applies as work as potential gas hydrate inhibitor for
hydrate mitigation. Findings: The systematic review on ACs proves that higher concentration of ACs provides more effective
thermodynamic inhibition. The alkyl chain length of ACs playsan important part, as the chain length increases it decrease
their effectiveness as inhibitors. Usually, imidazolium based ILs employed as gas hydrate inhibitors contains fluorinated
anions which categorized as toxic compound. ACs holds the strong tendency to act as the dual function chemical inhibitor
for possible replacement of widely used imidazolium based ILs due to their cheaper source, easy synthesis along with fairly
better environmentally friendly nature. Application/Improvements: This study will highlight the recent advancements
achieved in the field of ACs, highlighting the vigorous prospects of ACs as potential gas hydrate inhibitors and provide the
avenue to accomplish flow assurance problems caused due to gas hydrates.

Keywords

Ammonium based Compounds (ACs), AIL, Gas Hydrate, Inhibitors, KHI, THI.

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