Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 26, Pages: 1-6
Sung Tai Kim1 , Jae Eun Seok2 and Byung In Lim3
Background/Objectives: Our study examines poverty ratios, characteristics of expenditure trends, determinants of both total expenditure and individual expenditure items of poor households and non-poor households among elderly households. Methods/Statistical Analysis: We use the 1st–4th Korean Retirement and Income Study as a biannual panel data, and calculate the poverty rate, which is the ratio of the number of people (in a given age group) whose income falls below the poverty line of the total population. Also we compare poor elderly households with non-poor elderly households by estimation results of a regression model. Findings: Total expenses in poor elderly households are half as much as those of non-poor households. The income increase in non-poor households shows remarkable marginal effects on consumption expenditure, but poor households do not show a statistical significance except for food, housing and utilities. Marginal effects for necessary goods in poor households are bigger than those for non-necessary goods. On the other hand, marginal effects for clothing, transportation/communication, culture and health goods in non-poor households are bigger than those for non-necessary goods. Application/Improvements: Empirical results say that it is desirable to convert ongoing integrated benefit into individual benefit in the minimum living system in the near future
Keywords: Consumption, Marginal Effects, Non-Poor Household, Poor Household, Poverty Ratio
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