Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 48, Pages: 1-16
O. I. Miroshnichenko1 , T. M. Samusenko2 and Y. V. Gaivoronskaya2
1 Peoples’ Friendship university of Russia, Law Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation; [email protected]
2 Far Eastern Federal University, Law school, Vladivostok, Russian Federation; [email protected]
Objectives: This article provides a look from the inside at present-day higher education – its current state and the latest issues and reforms in it, as seen by college professors with extensive work experience. The authors view education as an element in the society’s education – individual’ system. Methods/Statistical Analysis: The authors rely on their own professional experience to prove that at present society and authorities are not doing much in the way of creating the necessary and sufficient conditions for colleges to function effectively. Hence, the lack (and ineffectiveness) of reform in education. Colleges do not have access to resources they need in order to achieve their goals and meet the objectives set by society. Findings: Models for the reformation and development of higher education vary drastically depending on which element’s interests and needs are put at the top of the list: society, the individual, or education (e.g., institutions of higher learning) as a social institute and a particular type of relations. Most of the latest proposals on improving the quality and effectiveness of education tend to be geared towards the interests and objectives of society as a whole. It is to a lesser degree that these proposals are directed towards the interests of the individual (learner). The interests of education as a particular institute are not being considered at all. Having said that, the development of any system requires that the conditions necessary for the existence and development of each of the system’s elements be met. Application/Improvements: The authors propose a special approach to defining a set of goals and objectives in higher education, which they term a problem-objective approach. The idea is simple: overcoming the major issues most law schools tend to face during the process of an educational activity must become a proximal and current objective in legal education.
Keywords: Legal Education, Educational Activity, Problem-Objective Approach, Youth Infantilization.
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