Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2020, Volume: 13, Issue: 33, Pages: 3409-3424
Muhammad Arshad1*, Ahmad Almufarreh1, Muhammad Taha Jilani2, Farhan A Siddiqui3
1Assistant Professor, Deanship of e-Learning and Information Technology, Jazan University,Jazan, 82812, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Tel.: 00-9665-373-66015
2Associate Professor, College of Computer and Information Sciences, PAF-KIET, Karachi,75190, Pakistan
3Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science, University of Karachi, Karachi, 75270, Pakistan
Email: [email protected]
Received Date:18 June 2020, Accepted Date:12 August 2020, Published Date:10 September 2020
Background/Objectives: Based on the recent advances in the area of wireless networking, computing, and storage devices, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) has emerged as an evolving and future-enabled technology in recent decades. The objective of the research work is to design, analyse, and evaluate the performance of A Three-Tier Cluster-Based Routing Protocol for Mobile Wireless Sensor Networks. Methods/Statistical analysis: The proposed protocol is based on autonomous sensor nodes, distributed techniques on cluster development; cluster heads collected at random, multi-hop routing method, and transferring the data towards the base station used by the assistance of MDC maximum residual energy LEACH. Findings: WSN is used globally in different forms of networking technologies; these systems come with the ability to be applied worldwide at an unrivaled scale and to add a consistent viewpoint to production. Routing protocols in these networks act as middleware, which is responsible for enhancing the network performance with less energy consumption and the cluster-based routing protocol is a massive solution to improve node’s energy efficiency and reliability of data toward the base station. Moreover, the simulation results showed that the proposed protocol achieves not only better network lifetime and data reliability but also decreased energy dissipation of the sensor nodes when compared with prominent WSN cluster-based routing protocols. Novelty/Applications:The main outcomes of MDC maximum residual energy LEACH are: Minimize the energy consumption of sensor nodes, Enhance the overall network lifetime, Resolve communication (energy and routing) holes issues, Maintain data reliability, and finally reach tradeoff between energy efficiency and latency in terms of End-to-End and channel access delays. This proposed protocol has been substantially applicable in an extensive variety of environmental and civil surveillance applications.
Keywords: Wireless sensor network; mobile data collector; three-tier architecture; data gathering method; cluster-based routing
© 2020 Arshad et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee).
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