• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2015, Volume: 8, Issue: 30, Pages: 1-8

Original Article

Active Vibration Control to Attenuate Hand-arm Vibration from Orbital Sander: A Mathematical Model Approach


Prolonged exposure to the orbital sander with high vibration level can lead to the Hand-arm Vibration Syndrome (HAVs). In order to attenuate the vibration when using the orbital sander, dynamic analysis of the orbital sander is carried out using coupled orbital sander-hand-arm model subjected to the Active Vibration Control (AVC). The orbital sander is modelled as a three-degree-of-freedom system where the values of the dynamic mass, stiffness and damping are derived from the experimental modal analysis and the single-degree-of-freedom of Reynolds and Soedel model is chosen to represent the hand-arm system. Various control schemes are applied in the AVC system including Proportional-Derivative (PD) and Active Force Control (AFC) techniques. Two disturbances are created for the system where the first disturbance is measured from the orbital sander operating condition and the second disturbance is modelled as a sine wave to test the robustness of the control schemes. The simulation result shows that the control scheme with AFC produced a superior result compared to the classical PD controller, even though under the influence of external disturbance with a vibration reduction of 99% and 88%, respectively.
Keywords: Active Vibration Control, AFC Control, Orbital Sander, PD Control


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