• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2010, Volume: 3, Issue: 3, Pages: 332-334

Original Article

Association between surface ozone and solar activity


The possible relationship between surface ozone and smoothed sunspot numbers (SSN) has been studied. The sunspot data were collected from Udaipur Solar Observatory for 1996-2004. Surface ozone has been measured at Tranquebar (110 N, 79.9 0 E), a tropical rural coastal site on the east coast of southeast India, during the same period. The measurements have shown that there exists a significant diurnal cycle/oscillation of average ozone with a maximum concentrations in the afternoon and average minimum ozone concentration at sunrise. Ozone measurements have also shown that the average higher concentrations [23 ± 9 ppbv] in May and lower concentration (17±7 ppbv) in October at this site. Further, the increase in surface ozone in association with increase in sunspot numbers is observed during May and October.
Keywords: Smoothed sunspot numbers; surface ozone; significant diurnal cycle. 


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