Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2021, Volume: 14, Issue: 47, Pages: 3442-3455
E Prakash1,*, I A Chidambaram2, B Paramasivam3
1 Research Scholar, Department of Electrical Engineering, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, Tamilnadu, India
2 Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, Tamilnadu, India
3 Associate Professor, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Government College of Engineering, Bodinayakkanur, Theni, Tamilnadu, India
*Corresponding author: [email protected]
Received Date:03 December 2021, Accepted Date:07 December 2021, Published Date:26 December 2021
Background/Objectives: The essential goal of the Automatic Generation Control (AGC) framework is to limit the transient deviations in the area frequencies and tie-line power oscillations and to guarantee their steady-state errors to be zeros. Methods: The article proposes a new cascade Two Degree of Freedom PID including filter along with Fractional Order PID together with filter (2DOF-PIDN-FOPIDN) regulator which are designed using Buzzard Optimization Algorithm (BUZOA) technique and executed in the secondary controller of the AGC loop of a two-region thermal-hydro-wind restructured power system. The proposed novel 2DOF-PIDN-FOPIDN regulator consists of an integer order cascaded controller through a fractional order controller. It guarantees with the aim of the controller intend process be easy to execute and has an outstanding ability to manage parameters improbability, removes steady-state errors, and guarantees enhanced stability as compared with the 2 DOF-FOPIDN regulators. The controller gains and other control constraints were tuned with novel and efficient meta-heuristic optimization techniques such as the BUZOA technique. Further, the AGC loop of the proposed system is enhanced with the application of sophisticated Hydrogen Energy Storage (HES) units connected in the control area and FACTS devises like Interline Power Flow Controller (IPFC) which is also introduced in series with tie-line of the interconnected areas of the restructured power system under different possible exchanges. Findings and Novelty: The reproduction results uncover that the predominance of a new cascade 2DOF-PIDN-FOPIDN regulator, the unique presentation of AGC system of a two-region interconnected restructured power framework has worked on as far as less peak variation and settling time of region frequencies and tie-line power in different transactions as contrasted 2 DOF-FOPIDN regulators. Moreover, the execution of HES and IPFC units effectively arrest the fundamental decrease in frequency like the tie-line power deviation after an abrupt load disturbance to give the critical advantage of stability.
Keywords: Buzzard Optimization Algorithm, 2-DOF-FOPIDN controller, Cascade 2DOF-PIDN-FOPIDN controller, HES, IPFC
© 2021 Prakash et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)
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