Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 39, Pages: 1-6
Tai-Hwan Uhm1 and Jee Hee Kim2*
1 Department of Emergency Medical Services, Eulji University, 553, Sanseongdaero, Sujeonggu, Seongnam, Gyeonggido, 13135, Republic of Korea; [email protected]
2 Department of Emergency Medical Services, Kangwon National University, 346, Hwangjogil, Dogyeeup, Samcheok, Gangwondo, 25949, Republic of Korea; [email protected]
*Author for correspondence
Jee Hee Kim
Department of Emergency Medical Services
Email: [email protected]
Objectives: The purpose of the study is to compare the effect of traditional face-to-face Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) training to the video self-instruction method and to improve layperson training and cost savings. Methods/Statistical analysis: In a randomized controlled study following the control group design, a self-led video training group received 30 minutes of video instruction while a traditional training group received 30 minutes of conventional classroom instruction. Data were drawn from pre- and posttest structured group interviews and posttest CRP performance scores using Laerdal Skill Reporter™ manikins. Analysis of covariance was employed to verify the effect of video and traditional training on the willingness to perform CPR. Findings: The video training group (131.6) exhibited a statistically significant (p<.001) acceleration in compression speed over the traditional group (117.1), with the video group showing a statistically significant lower compression correctness rate (38.6) compared to the traditional group (59.7). Further statistically significant differences (p=.008; .002; .006) between the video training group and the traditional face-to-face group includes lower scores in CPR willingness (1.9:2.8), knowledge (3.1:3.7) and performance (3.0:3.4) in the video group compared to the traditional group. Improvements/Applications: Under identical conditions, training using video selfinstruction has a smaller effect on the willingness to perform CPR compared to traditional classroom instruction.
Keywords: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), Layperson Training, Education, 30-Min Traditional Classroom Instruction, 30-Min Video Self-Training
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