Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2019, Volume: 12, Issue: 24, Pages: 1-12
Shankar Durairaja1, Geshina Ayu Mat Saat1*, Mohammad Rahim Kamaluddin2, Nagentheraan Munesveran1, Asilah Hassunna Azmi1 and Ler Lien Jia1
1Forensic Science Programme, School of Health Sciences, Health Campus,UniversitiSains Malaysia, Malaysia; [email protected], [email protected], [email protected], [email protected], [email protected]
2Psychology and Human Well-being Research Centre, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia; [email protected]
*Author for correspondence
Geshina Ayu Mat Saat
Forensic Science Programme, School of Health Sciences, Health Campus,UniversitiSains Malaysia, Malaysia. Email: [email protected]
Objective: This study presents a review of the studies on corruption in Malaysia that have been conducted from different approaches. Methodology: A literature search was done in the English language relating to corruption and its related terminologies. Google Scholar, Science Direct, Wiley Online Library, and SAGE are the four data sources that were selected to conduct the literature search. Fifteen papers met the predetermined criteria. The selected online published materials were between the years 2000 and 2017. Only expert opinion materials, editorials, reports, reviews, and grey literature were considered for this review. Findings: As a result of this review, many studies discussed the various government initiated anti-corruption actions over the past decades; several studies criticized the failures and limitations of the government’s anti-corruption actions, while some postulated the reasons behind corruption. One study surmised the problems in the judicial system when handling bribery and corruption cases. Conclusion: Gaps identified from these studies suggest a need for researches focusing on psychological and criminological aspects of corruption as roots of the problem. In addition, focusing on psychological and criminological aspects of corruption can become foundations for effective and proactive community crime prevention measures that can be implemented by policy makers, and governments and non-government agencies.
Keywords: Anti-Corruption, Bribe, Corruption, Review
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