• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2023, Volume: 16, Issue: 15, Pages: 1153-1158

Original Article

Diabetes and Dental Caries in Relation to Oral Health – An Empirical Review

Received Date:28 September 2022, Accepted Date:29 March 2023, Published Date:21 April 2023


Objective: This review was undertaken to determine whether diabetes and it’s associated factors has an impact on prevalence of dental caries. Methods: The review considered the articles included in Pubmed, Scopus, Cochrane, Google scholar & Web of Science from 2011 to 2022 that focused on diabetes and dental caries. Articles covered in editorials and abstracts were excluded. The articles were searched using the keywords: diabetes, dental caries & oral hygiene. The data required for the review was extracted from section such as result, discussion and conclusion. Findings: The review states that good metabolic control & oral hygiene in diabetic patients plays a vital role in prevalence of dental caries. Other factors such as physical disabilities, inactivity, low socioeconomic status, lack of oral health education, stress, psychological problems also contributes to the quality of oral health. Novelty: This review evaluates the association of other additional contributing factors such as stress, obesity, physical disabilities, psychological problems affecting the oral health. This review discussed more about additional contributing factors. Conclusion: The review gives the advance outcome of present diabetic patients’ condition. Apart from good metabolic control and good oral hygiene, stress, depression, psychological problems commonly found in diabetic patients affects the oral health.

Keywords: Diabetes; Dental Caries; Oral hygiene; Plaque; Streptococcus mutans


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© 2023 Ambikathanaya et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee


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