Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2018, Volume: 11, Issue: 24, Pages: 1-7
Katiuska Acosta Marcano1*, Geomar Molina-Bolíva2 and Iris Jimenez-Pitre2
1 Agricultural Microbiology Laboratory Faculty of Agronomy, University of Zulia, Zulia, Venezuela; [email protected]
2 BIEMARC Research Group, University of La Guajira, Colombia; [email protected], [email protected]
*Author for correspondence
Katiuska Acosta Marcano,
Agricultural Microbiology Laboratory Faculty of Agronomy, University of Zulia, Zulia, Venezuela; [email protected]
Objective: To evaluate the use of mycorrhizal strains as biofertilizers on the quality of the leaves developed by the cultivation of Aloe (Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f.) intended as a raw material for the agro-production of gel. Materials and Methods: Tillers were selected from plantations located in the village of Capatarida, Falcon State (Venezuela), which were debugged and conditioned during 30 days under controlled conditions. The trial was established in the house of cultivation of Agricultural Microbiology Laboratory of the Faculty of Agronomy of light, the experimental design used was a completely randomized design with three treatments and 10 repetitions. T1: inoculation with Funneliformis mosseae, Rhizophagus intraradices: T2 and T3: absolute control. Findings: The response variables evaluated were the number of stalks (NP), thickness of penca (GP), tiller number (NH) and fresh biomass of stalks (BFP). The inoculation with the mycorrhiza F. mosseae strain favored the development and quality of the leaves developed by plants of aloe, appreciating that the inoculated plants showed the highest values for the variables evaluated, presenting itself as an option favorable to the sustainable diversification of sabileros producers, to ensure increase in yields and profitability, obtaining a product free of debris with biotechnology friendly to the environment. Application/Improvements: The results obtained in the investigation indicate the cultivation of A. vera through inoculation with mycorrhizal fungi on the quality of leaves can be achieved in terms of yields; it helps the cultivation of this species using biotechnology as a sustainable development strategy and improves the processes of clean production.
Keywords: Aloe vera, Effect of Inoculation, Funneliformis mosseae, Mycorrhizae, Rhizophagus intraradices
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