Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2017, Volume: 10, Issue: 17, Pages: 1-6
Sahil Kapoor1*, Meenakshi Goyal1 and Prashant Jindal2
1Dr. S. S. Bhatnagar University Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Panjab University, Chandigarh – 160014, India; [email protected] 2University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Panjab University, Chandigarh – 140413, India; [email protected]
*Author for the correspondence:
Sahil Kapoor Dr. S. S. Bhatnagar University Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Panjab University, Chandigarh – 160014, India; [email protected]
Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS)/Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNTs) nanocomposites were prepared using solvent blending technique with chloroform as solvent. ABS has high impact strength and presence of MWCNTs in them can further enhance their mechanical properties without affecting the weight significantly. MWCNTs possess Young’s modulus of nearly 1TPa due to which their presence in polymers even in small quantities can enhance the mechanical properties significantly. The weight of MWCNTs in ABS was varied from 1% to 10% (1, 3, 5, 7, 10 wt%). Thin films of nanocomposite of ABS/MWCNTs at various weight percentages of MWCNTs were analyzed for dispersion of MWCNTs in ABS using Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM). These films were then transformed using a compression moulding machine into disc shaped pallets for mechanical characterization. These compositions when tested for Young’s modulus for compression showed significant enhancement in Young’s modulus in comparison to pure ABS ranging from 150.87% to 330.76% for various compositions of ABS/MWCNT nanocomposite. Thus, by improving the mechanical properties of ABS by incorporation of small quantity of MWCNTs these nanocomposite material can be used to manufacture automotive and aerospace parts.
Keywords: ABS, FESEM, MWCNTs, Nanocomposite, TGA, Young’s Modulus
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