• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2021, Volume: 14, Issue: 14, Pages: 1139-1159

Original Article

Hybrid Watermarking Scheme with Dual Encryption and Channel Coding in YCbCr Color Space

Received Date:14 January 2021, Accepted Date:06 April 2021, Published Date:26 April 2021


Objectives: This study aims to Improve and Secure the watermarking scheme with dual encryption (chaotic maps and Arnold transform) and channel coding in YCbCr color space with embedding and extraction procedure. Methods: In this scheme, the cover watermarked image is encoded and the singular value is decomposed by singular value decomposition (SVD). The four levels of Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) are applied after that, the singular value matrixes are embedded into the Y, Cb, Cr components of the host image.The embedding factor for each component is calculated with singular vectors of the hl sub-band of DWT with bit selection automatically by Gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM). In this paper, the GLCM technique is used to enhance the performance of a watermarked image affected by degradation with the DWT method. An inefficient approach is chosen randomly for image embedding which is bit selection. There is degradation in the quality of the watermark image when randomly selecting the bits. To dynamically choose the embedding bit, this research applies the Grey Level Co-occurrence Matrix method. Findings: Different performance parameters like Mean Squared Error (MSE), Peak Signal to Noise ratio (PSNR), Bit Error Rate (BER), Normalized correlation coefficient (NCC), and Mean Structural Similarity Index Measure (MSSIM) has been used to compare the effectiveness of the proposed scheme. The achieved outcomes show that when applying dual encryption and FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) with the GLCM, around 10 to 15 percent improvement in the results can be obtained. Novelty: We have proposed a hybrid watermarking scheme with Chaotic maps, Arnold transform and Fast Fourier transform in YCbCr color space.

Keywords: Encryption; Discrete wavelet transform; Singular value decomposition; Chaotic map; Arnold transforms; Channel coding


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© 2021 Kaur & Kumar.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


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