Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2015, Volume: 8, Issue: 30, Pages: 1-6
Pardeep Mittal 1* , Yashpal Singh2 and Yogesh Sharma3
1 Department of ECE, JNU, Jodhpur and Faculty of EEE Department, Lovely Profesional University Jalandhar, Phagwara - 144411, Punjab, India; [email protected]
2 Somany Institute of Technology and Management, Rewari - 123401, Haryana, India; [email protected]
3 Jodhpur National University, Jodhpur - 342003, Rajasthan, India; [email protected]
Background: Traffic management is an important tool of Intelligent Transportation System. The design of system for controlling the urban traffic dynamically provides not only the safety for pedestrians and motorists, but also saves the time and money. Method: In this paper, we describe a novel approach to manage the traffic light after measuring the accurate density with image mosaicking technique. Findings: This approach of measuring traffic density eliminates the use of conventional sensors which are sensitive to environmental changes. Even a single camera is not capable of measuring density accurately as gap between vehicles is important consideration. A single camera projection cannot capture the entire area between vehicles. So in this approach multiple cameras have been used to improve the accuracy of traffic measurement. The image mosaicking algorithm has been applied to measure one of the macro traffic flow parameter such as traffic density. The efficacy of proposed method has been evaluated, using MATLAB, AimSun and LabVIEW Software. Improvements: The result of extensive simulation indicates that this approach provides better performance in terms of increase the average moving time and decreases the average waiting time for traffic.
Keywords: Image Mosaicking, Macroscopic Traffic Model, Pixel to Pixel Correlation, Traffic Lights, Vision Sensors
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