• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2024, Volume: 17, Issue: 8, Pages: 751-759

Original Article

Optimal Location of EV Charging Stations in the Distribution System Considering GWO Algorithm

Received Date:11 August 2023, Accepted Date:29 January 2024, Published Date:20 February 2024


Objectives: The transition from conventional vehicles to electric vehicles (EVs) has been significantly influenced by the current scarcity of fossil fuels and the environmental concerns surrounding greenhouse gas emissions. The exploration of the optimal location of electric vehicle charging stations has been prompted by the electrification of the transportation system and the increasing demand for EVs. Methods: One of the main challenges is the detrimental impact of improper positioning of charging stations on the power distribution network. The Grey Wolf Optimization (GWO) approach is used to determine the effective Charging Stations (CS) locations to minimize the losses, which is the major objective of the proposed technique. An IEEE 33 bus system is used to implement the suggested technique. Findings : The proposed method finds the suitable deployments for EVCS within the distribution system, which is of utmost importance due to the constraints imposed by limited battery capacity and prolonged charging periods. This article proposes the optimal location for EVCS to minimize losses inside the distribution network. Novelty: The effectiveness of the proposed GWO is evaluated by comparing it with the PSO optimal algorithm. Finally, a comparison of system voltage and nominal voltage is presented and the probability comparison of EV location with the base case and the proposed algorithms is presented.

Keywords: Electric Vehicle Charging Station, Distribution System, GWO, System and Nominal Voltage


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© 2024 Golive et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


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