• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2019, Volume: 12, Issue: 35, Pages: 1-5

Original Article

Self-Perceived Halitosis and Associated Oral Hygiene Practices among Dental Students of National Ribat University Khartoum/Sudan


Background: Halitosis is the unpleasant odor that comes from the mouth; conditions intra-orally such as bad oral hygiene, poor restorations, gingival inflammation, and periodontal diseases contribute to halitosis. Successful treatment is connected to recognizing the related factors and treat them effectively. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the selfperceived halitosis prevalence, and associated oral hygiene practices among dental students from National Ribat University Khartoum/Sudan. Methods: A cross-sectional study has been carried out. A structured self-administered questionnaire was given to undergraduate healthy students. Chi-square was used to test differences between frequencies and to assess the correlation between halitosis self-perception and oral hygiene measures. Results: The study was carried out on 150 healthy dental students; 94 females and 56 males. Self-perceived malodor is more common among males (P=0.04). The use of commercial productsto alleviate bad breath, and mouthwash are more widespread among females (P=0.003, P=.002). Males reported a significantly higher prevalent malodor among relatives and more repeated bad breath when they did the hand on mouth test (P=0.02). Usage of toothpicks is more among males (P=0.02).Self-perceived bad breath significantly related to practices of oral hygiene involving regular brushing (P=0.01), flossing (P=0.000), mouthwash and toothpicks usage (P=0.000). Conclusion: Undergraduate students’ self-perceived malodor prevalence is comparable to the other studies. The knowledge about halitosis should be fostered, and the dental professionals should improve the health understanding in the society.

Keywords: Dental Students, Halitosis, Oral Hygiene, Oral Malodor, Sudan


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