Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2020, Volume: 13, Issue: 22, Pages: 2272-2281
Munwar Ayaz Memon1∗, Ghullam Mustafa Bhutto1 , Ehsan Ali Buriro2
1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science and Technology, 67480, Pakistan. Tel.: +92-347-3634051
2 Department of Electronic Engineering, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science and Technology, 67480, Pakistan
Munwar Ayaz Memon
Department of Electrical Engineering, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science and Technology, 67480, Pakistan.
Email: [email protected]
Received Date:25 April 2020, Accepted Date:11 June 2020, Published Date:28 June 2020
Objective: To determine the optimum size of a dc-link capacitor for a grid connected photovoltaic inverter. Methods: Dc-link capacitors are considered as one of the sensitive parts of the grid connected photovoltaic systems and needs effort to design a reliable and optimal size capacitor as its reliability is concerned with the overall system reliability. The double line frequency power flows between the input and outside of a Φ grid connected PV system which produces voltage ripples at the capacitor and dc link. This voltage ripple increases temperature of passive components and dc source which affects the MPP operation of the photovoltaic modules and the system life. Therefore, it is essential to limit the voltage ripples at the input side of the system. The easiest way to limit the double frequency ripple voltage is to connect a capacitor in parallel to the PV module and the inverter which buffers the double line frequency power and supply a constant power to the inverter. This study proposed a general method for sizing a dc-link capacitor for a Φ grid connected voltage source inverter. It is seen that the capacitance is inversely proportional to the nominal dc and ripple voltage. Thus an increase in the nominal system voltage decreases the size of the capacitor and at the same time increases the voltage ripple. Therefore to limit voltage ripple within permissible limits and to ensure better system performance the dc-link capacitor must be appropriately sized. The simulations based on 3kW grid connected PV system are carried out in DIgSILENT Power Factory software. Findings: A capacitor of 410µF is needed to be connected in parallel with a 3kVA inverter having an nominal input voltage of 370V and maintaining a voltage ripple under 8.5%. Novelty: After determining optimized dc-link capacitor size we will limit the voltage ripple under permissible limits and hence improves the system efficiency and life of the grid connected PV system.
Keywords: Voltage source inverter; voltage ripple; Dc-link capacitor sizing; distributed generation; grid connected PV system
© 2020 Memon, Bhutto, Buriro. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)
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