Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 2, Pages: 1-5
R. Saravanan1*, P. Jawahar2 , T. Francis2 , B. Ahilan2 , R. Santhakumar2 and A. Anand3
1Regional Centre of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Mandapam Camp, Ramanathapuram District - 623 520, Tamil Nadu, India; [email protected] 2Fisheries College and Research Institute, Thoothukkudi – 628 008, Tamil Nadu, India; [email protected], [email protected], [email protected], [email protected] 3Regional Remote Sensing Centre–Central (ISRO), Nagpur - 440 010, Maharashtra, India; [email protected]
*Author For Correspondence
Regional Centre of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Mandapam Camp, Ramanathapuram District - 623 520, Tamil Nadu, India; [email protected]
The present study was conducted to find out whether the abiotic factors in Gulf of Mannar viz., Sea Surface Temperature (SST) and Day light photoperiod would have an effect on the Gonado somatic index of the dominant sea urchin species Salmacis virgulata. A sampling survey for 20 months was conducted from October-2013 to May-2015 in Vedalai landing centre, along the Gulf of Mannar. The freshly collected sea urchin were brought to Mandapam CMFRI and their Gonado Somatic Index (GSI) was estimated. The remote sensing data of the SST from Gulf of Mannar sourced from ICOADS and the daylight photoperiod were compared with the GSI data for 20 months in order to assess the synchrony among the three parameters. The pearson correlation coefficient of the association among the GSI, SST and Photoperiod revealed that there was no significant correlation (p>0.001). The result of the present study revealed that the Gonado Somatic Index of S. virgulata is independent of abiotic factors, which is in contrast to the temperate sea urchin species, where SST and Photoperiod play a major role in gonadal development.
Keywords: Gonad Index, Gulf of Mannar, Sea Urchin, Salmacis
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