Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2010, Volume: 3, Issue: 7, Pages: 746-751
D. Raja1 , A.Arputharaj2 , C. Prakash1 , V.Ramesh Babu1 and C.V. Koushik1*
1 Dept. of Fashion Technology, Sona College of Technology, Salem–636 005, India.
2 Scientist, Textile Chemistry, Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology, Mumbai-19, India
Organic cotton is grown using methods and materials that have a low impact on the environment. Organic cotton is grown and processed without toxic chemicals that can be absorbed easily when in contact with the user's skin. This paper describes the dyeing behavior of organic cotton vs conventional cotton to find what will be the significance between them. The ring spun yarns of 40s combed organic (GOTS certified) and ordinary cotton were produced with similar parameters like beating point and settings. Knitted fabrics were produced with similar loop length and weight using organic and ordinary cotton yarn. Both the fabrics were processed in GOTS certified Processing unit using reactive dyes in soft flow machine in single dye bath. Processed fabrics were tested for colour fastness to washing, water, rubbing, perspiration and light. Colour difference and strength were also measured using Spectrophotometer (DATACOLOUR). Presence of metals were also analyzed in both the processed fabrics and reported here.
Keywords: Organic cotton, dyeing, fabrics, textile.
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