• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

# Indian Journal of Science and Technology

## Article

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Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2021, Volume: 14, Issue: 42, Pages: 3157-3176

Original Article

## Uncertainty in the Spread of COVID-19: An Analysis in the Context of India

Received Date:02 June 2021, Accepted Date:10 October 2021, Published Date:10 December 2021

## Abstract

Objectives: Prevention measures play an important role in controlling infectious diseases. We eagerly want to know how to observe the impact of prevention measures, just by looking at the pandemic curve. To explain this impact, we observe that the graphical representation of an infectious disease on a logarithmic scale is more suitable compared to a linear scale. To achieve our result, we also verified that the curve of the cumulative confirmed cases of pandemic COVID-19 follows an almost exponential growth. Furthermore, we tested the flattening of the logarithmic curve, which indicates the effect of prevention measures are working well. Methods: We use the numerical and statistical method introduced by Baruh. We divided the cumulative confirmed COVID-19 data of 240 days into 12 equal parts (20 days per part) after the starting of the vaccination programme in India. We apply the exponential growth model to check the exponential growth of cumulative confirmed cases of COVID-19 on a linear scale and verify it by the comparison of the actual and the predicted values obtained by exponential model. Also, we compute the first difference of logarithmic cumulative confirmed cases and find its strong linear relationship with time ’t’. Furthermore, we apply the student t-test to confirm the linear relationship between them. We find the number of days require to flatten the logarithmic curve. Findings: Our results show that the uncertainty of the cumulative confirmed cases of COVID-19 spread pattern may continue in the upcoming days. The logarithmic curve would be flattened within 127 days from 23rd August 2021. The logarithmic scale explains the impact of the prevention measures better than the linear scale. Because the flattening of the logarithmic curve appears earlier than the flattening of the linear scale. Novelty: In the context of India, our study exhibits the importance of graphic presentation of COVID-19 data and compare between the logarithmic scales to the linear scale. As per our knowledge, this kind of study is new in the context of India.

Keywords: COVID-19; Exponential growth model; Linear regression; Student t-test; Cumulative confirmed cases; Logarithmic scale

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