• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2021, Volume: 14, Issue: 6, Pages: 547-557

Original Article

Unified energy efficient distributed network management protocol to forward the data packets and to improve QoS in Wireless Sensor Networks

Received Date:21 January 2021, Accepted Date:29 January 2021, Published Date:23 February 2021


Background: Enhancing quality of service in forwarding the data packets from source to destination in WSN is a major task in contemporary networks. Everywhere the usage of WSN is increasing in the real world. Data sensing, data capturing and data forwarding is a routine process in modern era. Some of the dynamic problems arise as link failure, routing issues, packet delay etc that lead to the entire network shutdown. Hence, there is a need for development or enhancement of the protocol that finds the finest route to forward data packets in an optimal way. Objectives: The main objective of this study is to propose a unified energy efficient protocol to minimize the delay which will result in successful delivery of data packets from source to destination to improve the quality of service in WSN. Methods: This study proposes Unified Energy Efficient Distributed Network Management Protocol (UEEDNMP) focuses mainly on forwarding the data packets and finite routing to minimize the end to end delay. Parametric search technique along with CAFSM method is utilized to design the proposed protocol, to meet out the objective by forwarding the packets with better path from source to destination. Findings: NS2 Version 35 simulator is used to calculate the performance of the proposed UEEDNMP protocol. The simulation result shows UEEDNMP outperforms the existing protocols EH-WSN and ECO-LEACH in terms of data arrival rate, packet drop ratio, packet delivery ratio, energy consumption, network traffic, delay and network lifetime. Novelty: Comprehensive analyses signify that UEEDNMP has greater performance in forwarding the data packets with the finest routing in distributed networks, minimizing energy consumption, minimize the end to end latency time and maximize the life span of the network.

Keywords: Energy efficient protocol; delay; wireless sensor networks; data forwarding


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© 2021 Sachithanantham & Jaiganesh.This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


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