Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2019, Volume: 12, Issue: 18, Pages: 1-9
Omar A. Baakeel*
University of Jeddah “Alkamil Branch”, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; [email protected]
*Author for correspondence
Omar A. Baakeel
University of Jeddah “Alkamil Branch”, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Email: [email protected]
Background/Objectives: Studies investigating the association or effect between training and job/employees’ performance that met the data extraction and quality assessment criteria are included in this review. Methods/Statistical Analysis: This study systematically reviews published studies to describe the association between training and job/employees’ performance, as well as their influence on each other. This involves systematically reviewing studies by searching different databases including the British Nursing Database, the Digital National Security Archive, ERIC, LISA, ProQuest Central and ProQuest Dissertation and Thesis. The search, completed in November 2018, looks for studies that include the following terms in their abstracts: “Training,” and “Job Performance,” or “Employees’ Performance.” Findings: The findings show that the correlation between training and job/employees’ performance are significant in ten of the studies included in this systematic review and only one study shows no association between training and job/employees’ performance. In addition, the studies show that training impacted job/employees’ performance while indicating that training was an independent variable and job/employees’ performance was a dependent variable in most of the studies. This review systematically collects and assesses studies to explore the relationship between training and job/employees’ performance. Improvements/Applications: Training is one of the essential elements in organizations’ performance. It enhances employees’ skills, knowledge and competencies, which in return increase the organization’s overall performance. Also, training is an important instrument for improving employees’ performance. Furthermore, this systematic review is the first of it is kind, up to the author’s knowledge, to explore the association between training and job/employees’ performance and it provides recommendations for training and human resource managers.
Keywords: Employees’ Performance, Job Performance, Organization’s Performance, PRISMA, Systematic Review, Training
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