• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2023, Volume: 16, Issue: Special Issue 1, Pages: 127-133

Original Article

Water Quality Assessment of Tuikual River Water in Aizawl, Mizoram, India

Received Date:23 January 2023, Accepted Date:09 June 2023, Published Date:06 September 2023


Objectives: To evaluate the water quality of the Tuikual River in order to determine the impact of human activities on the river’s water quality. Methods: The present study examined the water quality of the Tuikual River over a year (i.e., from October 2020 to September 2021). Four sampling points were chosen along the river from upstream to downstream. The method outlined in ’Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater’ was used for the analysis. The results were computed and expressed on a seasonal basis, i.e., winter (October-January), summer (February-May), and rainy (June-September). Findings: The findings reveal that the river water gets polluted due to the discharge of unwanted substances and the intensity of pollutants. It transports wastewater drains, household waste, city garbage, municipal waste, and other pollutants from a variety of locations around Aizawl. The Tuikual River also receives biomedical effluents from Aizawl Civil Hospital and Ebenezer Hospital. All of the parameters under study showed a strong and significant (p<0.01) correlation, according to the analysis of correlation coefficients. The findings were compared to scientific standards established by organisations such as the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), the World Health Organisation (WHO), and the United States of Public Health (USPH). Novelty : Most of the investigated metrics have higher values during the monsoon season, which is linked to significant rainfall that rinses nearby fertilised agricultural areas, city trash, and other pollutants into river bodies of water. This study proved the significance of serious management actions and strategies for the Tuikual River’s protection, conservation, and management. It is critical to investigate the water quality of the Tuikual River before it has disastrous consequences.

Keywords: Pollutants; Anthropogenic activities; Tuikual River; Water quality standards; Correlation


  1. Akhtar N, Ishak MIS, Bhawani SA, Umar K. Various Natural and Anthropogenic Factors Responsible for Water Quality Degradation: A Review. Water. 2021;13(19):1–35. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/w13192660
  2. Sangani K, Manoj K. Water quality index for surface water quality assessment: Tapi river, Gujarat, India. International Journal of Advanced Research. 2020;8(7):1528–1534. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/11420
  3. Lipps WC, Braun-Howland EB, Baxter TE. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater (24th). (pp. 1-541) Washington DC. American Public Health Association Press. 2023.
  4. Kumar KMV, Kumara V. Seasonal variation in the physico-chemical analysis of Mangrove water, Kundapura, Karnataka, India. Journal of research in Environmental and Earth Sciences. 2021;7(8):2348–2532. Available from: www.questjournals.org
  5. Ranjith S, Anand VS, Shiva K, Chandrashekarayya GH, Santhosh D. Water Quality Assessment of River Tungabhadra, India. Nature Environment and Pollution Technology. 2020;19(5):1957–1963. Available from: https://doi.org/10.46488/NEPT.2020.v19i05.020
  6. Vanlalhruaitluanga B, Mishra BP. Seasonal Variation in the Physical Characteristics of River Tuipui, Champhai District- Mizoram, India. Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovation Research. 2021;8(3):2134–2136. Available from: https://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR2103265.pdf
  7. Laskar N, Singh U, Kumar R, Meena SK. Spring water quality and assessment of associated health risks around the urban Tuirial landfill site in Aizawl, Mizoram, India. Groundwater for Sustainable Development. 2022;17:100726. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsd.2022.100726
  8. Laldinpuii H, Mishra BP. Assessment of the chemical characteristics of river Serlui-A in Aizawl, Mizoram, North East, India. Environment and Ecology. 2019;37(4):1141–1146. Available from: http://www.environmentandecology.com/
  9. Tleipuii RVL, Lalruatkimi C, Sellate IL. Assessment of Drinking Water Quality from Open Sources, Mizoram, Northeast India. Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2022;10(1):23–30. Available from: http://pubs.sciepub.com/jephh/10/1/4
  10. Sinha E, Michalak AM, Balaji V, Resplandy L. India’s Riverine Nitrogen Runoff Strongly Impacted by Monsoon Variability. Environmental Science & Technology. 2022;56(16):11335–11342. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.2c01274


© 2023 Ngente & Mishra. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


Subscribe now for latest articles and news.