Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 38, Pages: 1-8
G. Mallikarjun1 , N. K. Neetha2 , B. Manjunatha3 , V. Sivaprasad4 and V. Shyam Kumar5*
1 Department of Sericulture, Karnatak University, Dharwad - 580003, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Zoology, Karnatak University, Dharwad - 580003, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Life Sciences, Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas-ESPE, Sangolqui, Ecuador, South America
4 Central Sericulture Research and Training Institute, Mysore - 570008, Karnataka, India
5 Department of Biotechnology and Microbiology, Karnatak University, Dharwad - 580003, Karnataka, India; [email protected]
*Author for correspondence
Department of Biotechnology and Microbiology
Email: [email protected]
This review focuses on the state of the art on haemolymph proteins in lepidopteron insect silkworm Bombyx mori L. Insects are most successful animals in the world. Their success is mostly attributed to their physiological well being and adaptability to most of the environmental conditions is an important reason to be considered evaluating their success. Proteins in insect especially the ones circulating in the blood are seen to be the major contributors for the insects successful survive, owing to their open type circulatory system the haemolymph in insects soaks all the major organs systems in the body and thus making it an important body fluid for regulation of homeostasis. This calls for an detailed study on proteomics of the haemolymph of Bombyx mori which along with being an economical insect, it is being considered as model organism for most frontier sciences like biomaterials, biomedical applications and pharmacokinetic studies, Research on lepidopteron insects has been instrumental in the discovery and the biochemical understanding of many haemolymph plasma proteins. In the present review we analyzed the haemolymph proteins based on their function and molecular characterization. We also could deduce the role of these proteins in insect physiology by comparative analysis with earlier reported proteins.
Keywords: Heamolymph Proteins, Hypothetical Proteins, Immune Proteins, Silkworm
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