Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2017, Volume: 10, Issue: 19, Pages: 1-17
Megha Gupta Chaudhary1 *, Nitin Kumar2 , Shekhar1 , Sudheer1 and Rahul Solanki1
1Department of Applied Sciences, SRM University (NCR Campus), Modinagar, Ghaziabad – 201204, Uttar Pradesh, India; [email protected], [email protected], [email protected], [email protected] 2Department of Electronics and Communications, SRM University (NCR Campus), Modinagar, Ghaziabad – 201204, Uttar Pradesh, India; [email protected]
*Author for the correspondence:
Megha Gupta Chaudhary Department of Applied Sciences, SRM University (NCR Campus), Modinagar, Ghaziabad – 201204, Uttar Pradesh, India; [email protected]
In the recent times, two dimensional layered single crystals attracted huge attention to their tunable mechanical, optical and electronic properties which have potential applications in future nanoelectronics and optoelectronics for large scale integration in low power technology. Phosphorene, the single- or few layer form of black phosphorus, was lately investigated as a two dimension layered material with motivating promising applications in the field of nanoelectronics and optoelectronics. However, there is still a need for developing its fundamental properties, design schemes and growth techniques. In this context, we review about the recent progress in phosphorene studies, primarily on the fabrication process, properties, forthcoming applications and challenges. In this article, the anisotropic properties (electronic, optoelectronic, thermoelectric and mechanical) of phosphorene, due to its puckered structure is also highlighted. The extraordinary properties of phosphorene make it a future material for designing and fabrication of nanodevices, and more fundamental and technological developments can be established in the near future.
Keywords: 2D Layered Materials, Black Phosphorus (BP), Electronics, Optoelectronics, Phosphorene
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