Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2015, Volume: 8, Issue: 32, Pages: 1-5
J. Gopikrishna1* and P. K. Nazim Fazil 2
1 Civil Enigneering Department, Bharath University, Chennai - 600073, Tamil Nadu, India
2 CEG Campus, Anna University, Chennai - 600025, Tamil Nadu, India
A city is considered as a complex system.It consists of numerous interactive sub-systems and is affected by various factors including governmental land policies, population growth, and transportation infrastructure. Land use and transport are considered as the most important factors determining the urban form and its structure. Vellore district is one of the 32 districts in the Tamil Nadu state of India. Vellore City is the headquarters of this district. As of 2011 it was the third most populous district of Tamil Nadu (out of 30), after Chennai and Kanchipuram. The Gudiyattam and Vaniyambadi were the two urban agglomerations of the Vellore district with the population of 1,89,681 and 1,36,548 respectively. As per the UDPFI guidelines, these two urban agglomerations are classified under the medium city. In order to regulate the growth of the study area in an orderly manner for the present and the foreseeable future, this paper make an attempt to study and appreciate the development trends in study area and to suggest the strategies to plan city towards sustainability. For Gudiyattam, the population is restricted to achieve the population below 500,000 so that the city will be under the medium city itself. The land available for the development is minimum so the vicinity area like Peranampattu and Pallikonda could be development to improve the quality of life. For Vaniyambadi, the population is about 4,42,879 and available land area is 957.21 hectares. The area under industrial use is 49.33 hectareswhich constitutes about 11.06% of the industrial area. Tanneries occupy the maximum area under industrial use. As per the records, there are 77 tanneries, 9 flourmills, 2 engineering industries in Vaniyambadi. The land area available is maximum but the residential area is minimum where people are not willing to settle in Vaniyambadi. The analysis results predict that the Gudiyattam and Vaniyambadi are not capable to become the large cities. The boundary of vicinity area gets increase Gudiyattam may able to become large city in future. In case of Vaniyambadi, the residential area should be planned in such a way that it should be free from industrial area to improve the quality of life.
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