Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2015, Volume: 8, Issue: Supplementary 8, Pages: 1-6
Wook-Jung Na1* , Byeung-Hun Son2 and Won-Hwa Hong3
1 Department of Fire and Disaster Prevention Engineering, Changshin University, Korea; [email protected]
2 Energy System Engineering Department, Daegu Technical University, Korea
3 School of Architectural, Civil, Environmental and Energy Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Korea
Driven by economic development, contemporary society is growing specialized and diversified in each sector, and growth is accelerating; same thing is true in architecture field. There is emergence of numerous types of buildings to facilitate diverse purposes of human activities. Recently, as university dormitory buildings are constructed through project of private construction and lease to government (BTL), dormitory buildings are growing taller, but the operations and emergency countermeasure still do not keep up with such trend of building heightening. And recently many foreign students are currently studying in Korean University and most of these students live in foreigner dormitories. The dormitory buildings have a relatively high risk of fire and evacuation safety by compare to other buildings. As well as foreign students because of cultural differences and lack of language skills can be put to greater difficulties in emergency. Therefore, this study analyzes the evacuation performances of university dormitory buildings through Full-scale evacuation experimental. In addition, this study searches for physical elements of evacuation performance to be improved through Full-Scale Experimental, on which basis, purports to improve evacuation performance of the subject university dormitory buildings ultimately. The results that lower about 0.45m/s degree full evacuation speed than walking speed (1.3m/s (flat)), the common. This shows that do not significantly affect the speed of gender in the similar age group of early 20s. Although the rooftop-right-exit was the smallest of exit-doors, experiment-subjects were evacuated by 45% toward to the rooftop right exit. Through such processes, this paper is intended to furnish the fundamental materials when planning university dormitory buildings which are able to minimize the damages and protect individuals and their properties.
Keywords: Evacuation Performance, Fire-Safety, Full-Scale Evacuation Experimental, Human Evacuation Behavior, University Student Dormitory
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