Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2011, Volume: 4, Issue: 9, Pages: 1137-1146
Mehdi Jafari1 and Shohreh Kasaei2 *
1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran
2 Department of Computer Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
[email protected] ; [email protected]
H.264/AVC, the latest video coding standard, adopts rate-distortion optimization (RDO) technique to obtain the best intra- and inter-prediction, while maximizing visual quality and minimizing the required bitrate. However, the full RD cost calculation for all intra-prediction modes, the exhaustive searches for finding optimal motion vectors for all block sizes, and the multiple references frame procedure considerably increase its computational complexity with the allowed number of prediction modes. The authors have previously proposed an approach for both inter- and intra-mode decisions that takes into account the several effective parameters, image content type, quantization parameter, correlation of motion vectors and motion details of video objects. In order to reduce the complexity, here we propose a new two-step adaptive search range decision by developing a combination of previous algorithm. The first step of our adaptive search range decision determines the search range for current MB according to the motion vectors of the previous MBs. In the second step, the motion vector obtained in the current frame is used to adaptively searching the window size of the previous reference frame for multi-frame motion estimation. As such, only a subset of inter- and intra-modes is chosen for RDO calculation. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm reduces the total encoding cost with negligible loss in PSNR and a slightly increase in the required bitrate, when compared to our previous algorithm and other algorithms reported in the literature.
Keywords: H.264/AVC, intra- and inter-prediction, rate-distortion optimization, similar predicted-pixels, split/merge
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