Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2020, Volume: 13, Issue: 39, Pages: 4127-4141
K Chethan1*, Rekha Bhandarkar2
1Research Scholar, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, NMAM Institute of Technology, Nitte, 574110, India. Tel.: +91-8892410925
2Professor and Head, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, NMAM Institute of Technology Nitte, 574110, India
Received Date:08 September 2020, Accepted Date:18 October 2020, Published Date:07 November 2020
Background/Objectives: The main objective of this work is to obtain an efficient brain tumor image retrieval and classification using Deep Neural Network (DNN). Methods/Statistical analysis: The features from the medical images are extracted by using tamura feature extraction, Local Ternary Pattern (LTP) and Histogram of Oriented Gradients (HOG). Subsequently, an Infinite Feature Selection (Inf-FS) technique is incorporated to select optimum features from feature vector, which leads to improve the classification process using sparse auto encoder based DNN. Furthermore, the retrieval performance of the proposed method is improved by Euclidean Distance technique. Findings: An Open Access Series of Imaging Studies (OASIS) and Contrast Enhanced- Magnetic Resonance Image (CE-MRI) datasets are utilized to analyze the proposed method. The sparse auto encoder based DNN classification scheme yields an overall accuracy of 95.34% in OASIS dataset and 99.87% in CEMRI dataset with improved sensitivity, specificity, error rate. The retrieval performance of proposed technique is assessed in terms of Average Retrieval Precision (ARP) and compared with two existing methods such as Local Mesh Vector Co-occurrence Pattern (LMVCoP) and Content Based Image Retrieval- Convolutional Neural Network (CBIR-CNN). The ARP of the proposed method for CE-MRI and OASIS dataset is 98.33% and 88.25% that is high when compared to the CBIR-CNN, LMVCoP method. Novelty/Applications: An appropriate feature selection using Inf-FS and DNN based nonlinear feature data classification are used in the applications of medical image retrieval.
Keywords: Average retrieval precision; deep neural network; Euclidean distance based image retrieval; feature extraction; image retrieval
© 2020 Chethan & Bhandarkar.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee).
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