Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2013, Volume: 6, Issue: 9, Pages: 1-7
Victor Okolobah and Zuhaimy Ismail*
An accurate and reliable electric load forecasting model is very essential for efficient and effective operation of the Electricity Supply Industry (ESI). Several single models have been developed for electric load forecast for ESI but it is becoming increasingly difficult to obtain accurate forecast by these models because of the volatility coupled with the nonlinear and non- stationary nature of electric load series. In this paper, we propose a novel Electric Peak load forecasting model that combines empirical mode decomposition (EMD) and artificial neural network (ANN). The propose model involves three stages of development. In the first stage, the historical load data obtained from Power holding company of Nigeria (PHCN), Bida is decomposed into several intrinsic mode functions and a residue component using the EMD sifting process. The second stage involves building separate neural network models for each of these IMFS and residue component and the last stage involves combining the predictions from these models and making forecast. When the forecast from this model is compared with that obtained from a conventional neural network model, it was observed that the proposed model outperforms the conventional neural network model, by 2.3% for the whole year model and by 1.8% for the weekday model, judging by the forecast accuracy of both models
Keywords: Empirical Mode Decomposition, Intrinsic Mode Function, Sifting, Model, Forecasting.
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