• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 28, Pages: 1-8

Original Article

Analysis of Burnable Poison Effect on Combined (ThU)O2 Fuel Cycle Performance in 800 MWt Long-Life PWR


Thorium based fuel especially on thermal reactor has been a great future sight. To produce electricity, thorium should be combined by any fissile material. Many research has been conducted to examine feasibility of thorium fuel. In this present study, burnable poison effect on combined thorium-uranium based fuel for long life PWR at thermal power output 800 MWt has been conducted. The fuel in this study consists of ThO2 combined by 40 – 60% enriched UO2 in an acceptable enrichment (13-20 % U-235). To reach long life operation time, fuel volume fraction is set to be 40-60 %. Burnable poison on this design includes for 0.005-0.06 % Gd2 O3 , 0.5-2 % Pa-231, and 0.5-2 % Np-237. Gd2 O3 has very high thermal neutron absorption cross section, small amount of Gd2 O3 relatively sufficient to reduce excess reactivity, but the effect of this material effective work in early burnup period. Np-237 has 190 barns thermal neutron capture cross section which can be used to minimize excess reactivity. Pa-231 has higher thermal neutron capture cross section (280 barns) rather than Np237 (190 barns), hence the effect of Pa-231 stronger than Np-237 to minimize excess reactivity. In the other side, Pa-231 could compensate fissile isotope in the further burnup step. The optimized design of this study reached 10 years operation time with excess reactivity smaller than 2.5% dk/k
Keywords: Burnable Poison, Long-Life PWR, Thorium, Uranium


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