• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2011, Volume: 4, Issue: 7, Pages: 820-823

Original Article

Assessment of groundwater contamination by toxic metals in Ifo, Southwestern Nigeria


A study was carried out to assess groundwater contamination by toxic metals in Ifo community of Ogun state, Nigeria. Twenty two wells were sampled in this regard and analyzed for pH, temperature, redox potential (RP), alkalinity, salinity, toxic metals such as cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) using standard procedures. High trace metal concentrations were observed in most of the well water samples. Results showed that 50 % of the wells recorded values greater than WHO standard for Fe (0.06-0.59 mg/L), 41 % have Cd (0.000-0.010 mg/L) level higher than WHO standard while 82 % recorded high Pb (0.00-0.23 mg/L) levels greater than WHO standard in drinking water. Zinc values of the well water samples were generally low. The high values of Cd and Pb in most of the groundwater samples is harmful to human health and calls for necessary cautions by the public before consuming the water. The study therefore, recommends proper purification methods that will remove the toxic metals and further minimize their nefarious ill-effects on humans.
Keywords: Groundwater, trace metals, parameters, standard, contamination.


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