• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2023, Volume: 16, Issue: 21, Pages: 1580-1589

Original Article

Awareness of Ecosystem Services and Management of Mangroves in Maliwaliw Island, Salcedo, Eastern Samar, Philippines

Received Date:05 February 2023, Accepted Date:06 May 2023, Published Date:02 June 2023


Objectives: To determine the awareness of mangrove ecosystem services, uses of mangroves, awareness of mangrove management strategies, and challenges of households in Maliwaliw Island, Salcedo, Eastern Samar, Philippines. Methods: A survey was conducted using an interview schedule to determine the households’ awareness of the mangrove ecosystem services and mangrove management strategies in Maliwaliw Island, Salcedo, Eastern Samar. Moreover, a mangrove management problem confrontation index (MMPCI) was also created to describe the mangrove management challenges in Maliwaliw Island. About 99 households completed and participated in the survey. Results were analyzed using appropriate descriptive statistical tools, and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient was used to determine the relationship between the selected socio-demographic characteristics of households and their awareness of the mangrove ecosystem services. Findings: Results showed that the households were very aware of the ecosystem services they directly experience on the island, e.g., coastal protection from typhoons (3.09), coastal protection from wave action and storm surge (3.07), and coastal protection from strong winds (3.03). Education, income, and years of stay have a weak correlation with several mangrove ecosystem services, implying that enhancing education and income over time may help improve the community’s awareness of the importance of mangroves in sustaining their livelihood, well-being, and survival. The awareness of the mangrove ecosystem services is critical in enhancing the community’s appreciation of their role in sustaining their livelihood and survival and engagement in conservation efforts. Moreover, the households identified typhoons and storm surges as the first two challenges in mangrove management, with a PC index of 249 and 255, respectively, for the island is prone to typhoons. Implementing mangrove management strategies is critical to ensure the sustainability of mangrove ecosystem services and the existence and survival of island communities. Novelty: The paper contributes to the limited studies on the island community’s awareness of the mangroveecosystem services, especially in the Philippine context. Moreover, the study developed an MMPCI to highlight the top concerns in mangrove management that need to be addressed in an island community prone to typhoons and storm surges.

Keywords: Awareness; Ecosystem Services; Island; Mangrove; Mangrove Management


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© 2023 Hilvano. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


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