• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2022, Volume: 15, Issue: 28, Pages: 1381-1388

Original Article

Behavior of Steel frame subjected to lateral load

Received Date:14 May 2022, Accepted Date:27 June 2022, Published Date:21 July 2022


Background: A steel frame system becomes structurally less efficient when subjected to large lateral loads such as a strong wind, earthquake. Many research efforts have been made to develop more efficient structural systems with better resistance against strong lateral loads. Methods: An attempt is made in this direction by both analytical and experimental studies. A bare steel framed model of size 4m x4m is chosen for G+2 storey with columns of height 4m. The particular frame is scaled down to 1:11 scale to perform shake table test for seismic zone-V in terms of modal frequencies. Same frame is modelled in Hypermesh software & analysis is done in Nastran and ETABS software’s. The results obtained can be applied to 16 X 16m G+9 Multi-storeyed commercial complex structure and analysed in ETABS software for Base shear, response spectrum and pushover analysis to assess the performance of the structure. Findings: Prototype of G+2 storey scaled down model, ETABS and Nastran analysed models showed approximately same values of modal frequencies 10- 12% which is an allowable percentage. Novelty: The results obtained shows that the base shear, performance point of the structural system and in terms of model frequencies are with in safer limits. The overall performance of the structure was found to be safe between operational to collapse stage. Advantages: The present work gives the dynamic behavior of bare steel frame subjected to lateral loads which helps in assessing the damage causing due to earthquake can be pretended to prevent the loss of life.

Keywords: Bare steel frame; Shake table; Base Shear; Response spectrum; Modal frequencies


  1. Leal-Graciano JM, Pérez-Gavilán JJ, Reyes-Salazar A, Valenzuela-Beltrán F, Bojórquez E, Bojórquez J. Experimental Study of Infill Walls with Joint Reinforcement Subjected to In-Plane Lateral Load. Buildings. 2022;12(3):259. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12030259
  2. Karakale V, Suleiman RE, Layas FM. Lateral load behavior of RC buildings exposed to fire: case study. Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering. 2022;p. 1–12. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/13467581.2022.2026777
  3. Jayaramappa N. Study on the Behaviour of RC Bare Frame for Lateral Load. International journal of engineering research & technology. 2015;04. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.17577/IJERTV4IS050519
  4. Longthong S, Panyakapo P, Ruangrassamee A. Seismic Strengthening of RC Frame and Brick Infill Panel using Ferrocement and Expanded Metal. Engineering Journal. 2020;24(3):45–59. Available from: https://doi.org/10.4186/ej.2020.24.3.45
  5. Sankhla SS, Sankhla D, Bhati. A Comparative Study on the Effect of Infill Walls on RCC Frame Structures . IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering. 2016;13(6). Available from: https://doi.org/10.9790/1684-1306060108
  6. Gauri G, Kakpure AR, Mundhada. Comparative Study of Static and Dynamic Seismic Analysis of Multistoried RCC Building by ETAB: A Review”. International Journal of Emerging Research in Management &Technology. 2016;(5) 17–20.
  7. Ahani E, Mousavi MN, Ahani A, Kheirollahi M. The Effects of Amount and Location of Openings on Lateral Behavior of Masonry Infilled RC Frames. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering. 2019;23(5):2175–2187. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12205-019-0714-x
  8. Yeshodhara TS, R DPA, Jayaramappa. Analysis of Multistoried Infilled Steel Structure Subjected to Lateral Loading. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology. 2021;8(4):1679–1687.
  9. Sanjay NS, Pradeep A R D, Jayaramappa. Analysis of Multistoried Infilled Steel Structure Subjected to Lateral Loading. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology. 2022;9(1):1261–1267.


© 2022 Pradeep et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


Subscribe now for latest articles and news.