Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2015, Volume: 8, Issue: 35, Pages: 1-6
M. J. Venkatesan*, N. Sathish Kumar and C. Vijayalakshmi
Department of Ophthalmology, Melmaruvathur Adhiparasakthi Institute of Medical Sciences, Melmaruvathur, Kanchipuram District, Chennai – 603319, Tamil Nadu, India;
[email protected], [email protected], [email protected]
Objective: To assess the fundus changes and incidence of various peripheral retinal degeneration associated with Myopia and to correlate these changes with the age of the patients. Materials and Methods: Randomised Prospective observational study of 100 cases of myopia (less than or equal to -6D: 50 cases and more than-6D: 50 cases) all the patients detailed history was recorded and subjected to intensive examination of both Anterior segment and posterior segment of the eye. The various fundus features and pathological lesions in the different degrees of myopia were noted and analysed. Findings: Females were comparatively affected more. Majority of the patients did not have significant family history. Majority of the cases showed some fundus changes more common were tessellated fundus. Axial length is relatively increased in higher degrees of myopia. Peripheral retinal degeneration are more common in moderate to higher degrees of myopia. Applications: The degenerative changes of fundus is commonly seen in moderate to high degrees of myopia whereas in our study it is evident in lesser degree also. Hence thorough examination of peripheral fundus using indirect ophthalmoscope for all cases of myopia will help in early diagnosis and treatment.
Keywords: Better Prognosis, Early Intervention, Indirect Ophthalmoscopy, Meticulous Examination, Pick up Complications
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